Unit 1 - PLS 1120
Terms in this set (21)
Checks and Balances
Constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the three branches of government to check some acts of the others and therefore ensure that no branch can dominate.
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
A group that argued for ratification of the Constitution, including a stronger national government at the expense of states' power. They controlled the new federal government until Thomas Jefferson's election in 1800.
Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on governments, which include life, liberty, and property.
the idea that the government's authority comes from the people
a legislature with two houses
Opponents of the American Constitution at the time when the states were contemplating its adoption.
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
Enumerated Powers (type of delegated power)
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
Implied Powers (type of delegated power)
Broad and unwritten powers that Congress uses to carry out its enumerated powers
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.
All powers not specifically delegated to the national government by the Constitution. The reserve power can be found in the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution.
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Necessary and Proper Clause (also called the Elastic Clause)
Constitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws "necessary and proper" for executing its powers
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules.
Groups such as parties or interest groups, which according to James Madison arose from the unequal distribution of property or wealth and had the potential to cause instability in government.
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A principle of constitutional government; a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
Equality of Opportunity
a widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential
Governance according to the expressed preferences of the majority.
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