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Pre Clinical Study Guide
Terms in this set (100)
Which of the following is NOT exempt from privileged communications?
Patient's Social Security Number
Which criminal act is referenced by a health care provider failing to follow HIPPA guidelines and releasing patient information to a family member without the patient's written consent?
Invasion of Privacy
Which of the following blood borne diseases poses the greatest risk to healthcare workers?
Which of the following statements is correct in reference to feeding a patient?
Use the same utensils that you would use to feed yourself based on the type food being served to the patient.
How do you correctly measure urine output from a Foley catheter in order to document in a patient's I&O record?
drain urine into a graduated cylinder to measure
When performing CPR, what is the correct number of compression per 1 minute cycle?
Which of the following statements correctly represents an example of negligence?
patient care technician ensures bed is in lowest position and siderails are down before leaving the room of a post-surgical, medicated elderly patient
which of the following statements correctly describes how to make an open bed?
follow the top sheet and blanket back 3/4 of the way back toward the foot of the bed
what color arm band is used to represent a patient at risk for falling?
what is the normal HR in an infant?
Which statement is correct in reference to bedmaking?
place drawsheet upon bottom sheet and use it to move or lift patient as needed
What color arm band is used for patients with latex allergies?
what is the first thing you should do if you smell smoke when walking down the hall to a patient's room?
Rescue any patients in immediate danger
what code color represents a medical emergency in an adult?
what code color is used to represent a medical emergency in an infant or a child?
what is the first thing you should do in the event of a known infant abduction?
call a code pink
Which of the following item should be placed in the regular trash?
2x2 guaze used to cover venipuncture site with only an eraser sized amount of blood noted upon removal from venipuncture site
which of the following would not be found on an I&O record?
which of the following task require the use of PPE?
bathing a patient
Standard precautions are used for...
sterile is defined as...
free of all organisms including viruses and spores
which emergency code color is indicative of inclament weather?
what color band is placed upon a patient that has been typed and cross-matched for blood administration?
White with blue stripes
what is the most accurate site for obtaining a temperature?
what is the most appropriate action you should take if you walk into a patient's room to check their vital signs, and you discover they are apneic and have no palpable pulse?
Press the code blue button on the wall above the patient's bed and begin 1-rescuer CPR until additional staff arrives to assist in the resuscitation attempt
how long should you rub your hands together when using alcohol-based hand sanitizer?
when is it acceptable to use alcohol-based hand sanitizer to clean hands?
when hands are not visibly soiled before and after patient contact
what term is used to describe a hospital acquired infection?
what is the cell phone policy for students at DCH?
Student must leave cell phone in their car as they are not allowed inside the hospital
What must you do in order to successfully participate in your health science internship clinical experience?
All of the above are essential to success
what type reading should you anticipate if you use a blood pressure cuff that is too large for your patient?
falsely low reading
what PPE must be worn for a patient with contact precautions?
gown and gloves
what type isolation precautions should be instituted for a patient with a diagnosis of MRSA?
what type of isolation precautions should be instituted for a patient with the flu?
what type of isolation precautions should be instituted for a patient with TB?
How do you correctly dispose of a 4x4 gauze pad that has been used to pack a stage 4 decubitus ulcer?
In the red bag medical waste
what device is used to most accurately administer the correct volume of IV fluids?
how should you clean your hands if they are visibly soiled after providing patient care?
Wash your hands with soap and water
what should you do if you discover a piece of equipment with a damaged cord?
Remove it from use and place a service tag on it so that it can be repaired
which patients should be evacuated first in the event of a fire with in the hospital?
patients in immediate danger
how do you correctly transport a patient down an incline via wheelchair?
back the patient down the incline
which of the following statements is correct in reference to transferring a patient from a stretcher to a hospital bed?
all of the above are correct statements
which of the following must be done before you begin any procedure on a patient?
All of the above must be done before you begin any procedure
which statement is correct in reference to transporting a patient via stretcher?
All of the above are correct
what is the most accurate way to identify a patient?
ask the patient his or her name
What pulse site should be used to assess an infant's pulse rate?
What is the correct depth of adult compressions when performing CPR?
when performing CPR, you should...
all of the above must be done in order to perform high-quality CPR
what instructions would you give a patient regarding I&O to ensure accurate measurement of urine output?
you may urinate in the bedside commode, bedpan (female), or urinal (male); but do not place your toilet tissue in it or discard it until it has been measured by hospital staff
what is the appropriate PPE for drawing blood from a patient with TB?
Gloves and N 95 respirator mask
in the chain of infection, an instrument contaminated with blood acts as a...
The process that destroys pathogenic organisms but is not always effective against spores and viruses is...
under standard precautions, what personal protective equipment should be worn during the delivery of a baby?
gloves, gown, mask, protective eyewear
which of the following items would be considered contaminated?
Front of mask
which of the following items would be considered clean?
Ties of mask
which of the following patients would require reverse isolation procedures?
patient with lung cancer
which of the following would be correct information regarding care and PPE for patients with droplet precautions?
patient must wear a mask when being transported out of the room for any treatments or diagnostic studies
how do you correctly remove a mask after performing patient care for a patient with the flu?
remove your gloves first, wash your hands, then remove mask by the ties
when caring for a patient with hepatitis A, what type of precautions must be instituted?
contact precautions in addition to standard precautions
where should you discard a 2"x2" piece of gauze with a small drop of blood on it?
regular trash based on the small amount of blood
Which of the following is an example of a disinfectant?
10% bleach solution
Transmission based isolation precautions are...
all of the above
what is the appropriate PPE required while in the hallways/common areas of the hospital for the nurse and the patient in the following situation...
The nurse is transporting a patient diagnosed with tuberculosis via wheelchair through the hallways and elevator to the radiology department located on another floor of the hospital.
Nurse: no PPE patient: N 95 respirator
what is the proper amount of distance that must be maintained between a patient with droplet precautions and family/friends that comes to visit the patient while in the hospital?
how many inches apart should the feet be to maintain a broad base of support?
8 to 10
Which of the following patients will most likely have a physicians order for daily weights?
both a and B (renal failure & congetive heart failure)
Which of the following scales would be used for a patient experiencing difficulty standing?
both B and C (wheelchair & bed scale w/ mechanical lift scales)
48 inches is equivalent to
62 inches is equivalent to
150 pounds equals
68 kg (divide by 2.2)
50 kg is equal to
110 pounds (multiply by 2.2)
Before and after every patient contact
which statement is INCORRECT in relation to proper use of gloves?
Rings may be worn as they do not pose a risk to puncturing gloves
which of the following SHOULD NOT be placed in a biohazard sharps container?
plastic cap from needle
which of the following is a true statement about standard precautions?
Must be used on all patients
How often must a mask be changed?
When it becomes moist or every 30 minutes
Linens soiled with the body fluids...
Both B and C are correct (labeled special bag and soaked in disinfectant)
A pulse rate over 100 bpm, except in children, is...
Constant pressure in the walls of the arteries is...
which of the following interventions would help to relieve the symptoms of orthopnea?
Sit patient straight up in the bed
what is the normal pulse rate for adults?
what term is used to define a RR > 20 in adults?
What is the normal range for a rectal temperature?
what is the normal range for an oral temperature?
What is the normal range for an axillary temperature?
what is the normal range for an adult systolic blood pressure?
what is the normal heart rate in children under the age of seven?
What is the normal heart rate in children over the age of seven?
what is the normal respiratory rate in children?
what is a normal respiratory rate in infants?
which of the following statements is correct in reference to making/changing a patient's bed?
you will need to gather a top sheet, a bottom sheet, blanket, pillow case, and drawsheet from the linen cart
which of the following vital signs would be reported as abnormal in a 30-year-old male patient with no significant past medical history?
BP 124/78, HR 106, RR 16, and Temp 99.1
according to HIPPA, you may discuss information about a patient with:
The patient and only people designated by the patient in writing
which of the following is the most accurate statement in reference to prevention of infection?
wash hands before and after every procedure and between patient contacts
Which of the following vital signs would be reported as abnormal in a 25-year-old female patient with a history of hypertension?
BP 124/78, HR 96, RR 22, Temp 99.1 (A)
which of the following is INCORRECT in reference to transferring a patient from the bed to a wheelchair?
patient may assist in lifting themselves by placing their hands around your neck and pulling
Where may students park when participating in clinical at Northport DCH?
emergency department parking lot
What is the correct parking location when participating in clinical at DCH RMC?
Employee parking lot across the street from Hospital
How would a staff nurse correctly respond to a mother dropping off her two week old baby at the hospital and attempting to leave after stating she no longer wants her child?
take the child from her and allow her to leave without question
what is the "ideal, normal" adult blood pressure?
This set is often in folders with...
HOSA 2nd 9 Weeks Exam
HOSA 3rd 9 weeks
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