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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Albumin
  2. Universal recipient
  3. Hemostasis
  4. Least common blood type in the US
  5. Blood
  1. a 58% of the plasma proteins. Important in regulation of water movement between tissues and blood. Maintains water balance.
  2. b made up of plasma, is 8% of the body weight. A type of connective tissue. Important component of the immune system
  3. c AB negative
  4. d stoppage of bleeding caused by coagulation of blood, platelet plug formation, and vascular spasm
  5. e type AB+

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Consists of 4 globin molecules that transport carbon dioxide (carbonic anhydrase involved) and nitric oxide; AND 4 heme molecules that transport oxygen (Iron is required for oxygen transport )
  2. 7% dissolved in the plasma, 23% transported by blood proteins, mostly by hemoglobin. (carbaminohemoglobin), 70% is transported in the form of bicarbonate ions.
  3. Production of red blood cells. Stem cells form proerythroblasts which become early (basophilic erythroblasts), then intermediate (polychromatics), then late erythroblasts, extrusion of nucleus becomes reticulocytes, normally 1-3%
  4. Process of blood cell production
  5. Made by combination of carbon dioxide and water, which is catalyzed by the enzyme carbonic anhydrase. The reversible association -dissociation of hydrogen from carbonic acid is part of the mechanism for regulating the pH of blood. When hydrogen dissociates from carbonic acid it lowers the pH and leaves behind a bicarbonate ion. When it re-associates it raises the pH and becomes carbonic acid.

5 True/False questions

  1. Fibrinogenintroduction of a fluid other than blood, a saline or glucose solution, into the blood


  2. Common pathwayextrinsic and intrinsic pathways converge. Prothrombinase-> prothrombi-> thrombin which converts fibrinogen to insoluble protein fibrin forming a fibrous network of the clot


  3. Agglutinationclumping of the cells caused by antibodies in plasma binding to antigens on surfaces of red blood cells


  4. MonocytesImmunity, increase due to viral infection, smallest, stimulate production of antibodies


  5. Blood coagulationBlood clotting, network of threadlike protein fibers called fibrin trap blood cells, platelets, and fluid.Depends on number of coagulation factors. After injury, clotting factors are activated- extrinsic pathway activated, production of activated factor X, Prothrombin formed, converted to thrombin, Fibrinogen converted to fibrin, fabrin clot is stabilized.