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15 terms

AP World History Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
Ibn Batuta
Arab traveler; described African societies and cultures in his travel records;
Sundiata
The "Lion Prince"; a member of the Keita clan; created a unified state that became the Mali Empire; became emperor;
Lalibela
King of Ethiopia AFTER Christians came through; made 11 churches and all bore his name
Mansa
Mansa Kankan Musa; converted to Islam, ruler of Mali; made pilgrimage to Mecca; caused inflation in price of gold as Mali was known for gold; brought back architect who built mosques in Mali (Great Mosque of Jenne)
Mwene Mutapa
King of Great Zimbabwe, helped them make a rapid expansion. dominated over sources of gold. representatives of it helped export textiles and impressed Europeans with iron weapons.
Centralized societies
used a bureaucracy; examples are Oyo, Zimbabwe, and Luba (in Katanga)
Secret Societies
ended family disputes, banishment and forms new society. Is a government, has a power structure, leader is usually the eldest or council of elders rule. CAN CHECK THE POWER OF LEADER IF NECESSARY. sent junior members to resolve power struggles. Located mainly in west african forest
Stateless Societies
No need for taxation, hard to do long distance trading, hard to resist outside influences, they had a delayed ability to respond to outside pressures. examples Hausa states, Yoruba, and Benin.
Ethiopia
most important African Christian outpost. retained Christian religion despite increasing pressure from the Muslims
Sahel
extensive grassland belt at the southern edge of the Sahara; became point of exchange between North and South Africa where ideas, people, and trade arrived. Several states in this region developed an islamic culture that mixed with local practices.
Griots
professional oral historians; passed stories down through generations since Africa DID NOT HAVE A WRITING SYSTEM.
Yoruba
city-states that developed in northern Nigeria; Ile-Ife had an artistic style similar to that of the Nok culture. ag society supported by peasantry; dominated by an aristocracy
Oyo
yoruban city-state; had a king who used nobles in provinces. secret society of Ogboni checked the king's power
Great Zimbabwe
Bantu kingdom; centralized state. Mwene Mutapa
Nok
early African culture in which Bantu developed and spread.