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AP Comparative Government Final Exam 2020

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (92)

• APPOINTMENT OF THE PRIME MINISTER AND THE CABINET - The president may appoint
a prime minister with the consent of a majority of the Duma. The Duma has no such similar c·ontrol over the president regarding Cabinet ministers or other heads of agencies.
• LEGISLATIVE POWERS: The president may draft bills and submit them to the legislature
for their consideration, and he may sign or veto any bills passed by both houses.
*• ISSUING DECREES WITH THE FORCE OF LAW: presidents control the policies of the state
through decrees issued to their Cabinet ministers, which act as the law of the land. The Duma today has very little it can do as a check against this power.*

• SUSPENSION OF LOCAL LAWS: The president may suspend a law or regulation in one of Russia's regional governments if he believes it is contrary to the Russian Constitution, laws or treaties of the Russian Federation, or a violation of human rights.

• NOMINATION: The president nominates candidates for the Federation Council to be approved or rejected by the regional legislatures. He also nominates judges to serve on the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, and the Supreme Arbitration Court with approval of the Federation Council.
• PARDONS AND REPRIEVES: The president may grant a pardon or a reprieve for any person under federal law. He does not have this power over crimes at the regional level.
• FOREIGN POLICY: The president is empowered as Russia's chief voice in foreign affairs. He determines Russia's position in issues of international affairs, negotiates and ratifies
treaties, and appoints and recalls Russia's diplomatic representatives.