Assignment 1: Computer Basics
Terms in this set (36)
an electronic device that manipulates information or data.
any part on your computer that has a physical structure.
is any set of instructions that tells the hardware what to do.
a computer that serves up information to other computers on a network. (Also part of a system.)
application (or app)
let you access various types of online content a type of software that lets you perform a specific task. examples world be Microsoft, photoshop ect.
the most important software that runs on the computer. it manages the computers memory, processes, and all of its software and hardware.
can me small, medium, or large in style and usually sit on a desk. Contains a monitor, mouse, and keyboard.
a self contained piece of information available to the operating system. It stores away information, settings, or commands that are used with a computer program.
is a location that stores multiple files and other folders.
Microsoft Windows, Mac OSX, and Linux
three most common types of Operating Systems.
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
or "gooey" lets you use your mouse to clink on icons, buttons, and menus, and everything displayed on the screen using a combination of graphics and text.
is the internet, it's all of the things you can access remotely over the internet.
USB (Universal Serial Bus) Port
a standard cable connection interface standard on personal computers and computer electronics. It allows data to be transferred between devices.
the most basic computer setup usually contains the computer case, monitor, key pad, and mouse. Also referred to as the auxiliary device, it is a hardware that allows a computer to perform an additional function.
Ex: printers, scanners, microphones, and web cameras.
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
the "processor", is located inside the brain of the computer, and its job is too carry out demands.
the computers main circuit board Its' a think plate that hold the CPU, memory, connectors for the hard drive and optical drives.It connects directly and indirectly to every part of the computer.
power supply unit
converts the power from the wall outlet the type of power needed by the computer.
RAM (Random Access Memory)
is your short term memory whenever your computer performs calculations, it temporally stores the data in the ___ until it is needed (measured in MB or GB).
the smallest unit of data in computer processing.
is a group of eight bytes.
contains about one million bytes.
is about one billion bytes.
is the data center of the computers. Software is installed here and where your documents and other files are stored (also long-term storage).
also know as PCI or "peripheral component interconnect" cards. If you want to boost up your performance on your computer you can always add one or more cards to update the capacities of an old computer.
responsible for for what you see on the monitor ( preferred if you like intensive games). (Adding an expansion slot.)
sound card (audio card)
responsible for what you hear in the speakers or headphones.
allows your computer to communicate over a network and access the internet.
is a type of technology for wireless communication over short distances. Can connect to wireless keyboards, mice, and printers.
or OS is a software program that enables the computer hardware to communicate and operate with the computer software.
Hard drive and RAM
What is the term for long term storage and short term storage?
mouse, keyboard, scanner
portable document format