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MAQ5: Islam is Born and Expansion
Terms in this set (15)
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632), visited by the Angel Gabriel, his writings become the Koran
messenger of God
God of Islam
the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
Islamic holy book
5 Pillars of Islam
1. belief in one God, Allah, and Muhammad his prophet 2. daily prayer 3. alms (offering) for the poor 4. fasting (sunrise to sunset) during Ramadan 5. hajj- pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your lifetime (and visit Kaaba)
A pilgrimage to Mecca, performed as a duty by Muslims
A Muslim place of worship
the ninth month of the Muslim year, during which strict fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset.
Islamic empire ruled by those believed to be the successors to the Prophet Muhammad.
the peninsula where present-day Spain and Portugal are located
Spanish Muslims; Muslims that invaded and controlled the Iberian Peninsula for hundreds of years. Led to the Reconquista.
The effort by Christian leaders to drive the Muslims out of Spain ending in 1492
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