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Social Studies Chpt 1 Section 2 (part 1 of 2)
Terms in this set (46)
man made way of watering crops
city and its surrounding lands
ancient Sumerian form of writing
group of lands under one ruler
a long poem telling a story of a hero's deeds
king of the Akkadians; set up the world's first empire
Babylonian King known for his law code and reined 1792-1750 BC
river in southeastern Turkey and Iraq that merges with Euphrates River
ancient region between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; cradle of civilization
site of earliest known civilization; in Mesopotamia, present-day southern Iraq
a temple used to honor chief god and goddesses
a person who robs travelers on the road
resist authority or control
person who is an off spring of an ancestor, family or group
one of the eight gates of the inner city of Babylon, built when Nebuchadnezzar reigned, was king of Chaldeans
complex societies with cities, governments, art, religion, class divisions, and a writing system
Why were rivers important?
they made good farming conditions, they made it easy for people to travel and trade, fish, wash clothes and get drinking water
Why were governments formed?
to make plans and decisions for the common good
What is the name of the flat plain bounded by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers?
Describe the floods in Mesopotamia?
frequent and unpredictable
What did farmers learn to use to control the rivers?
dams and channels.
What was another use for the rivers?
to irrigate or water crops
What was the name of the southern region of Mesopotamia that many cities formed in?
Sumerian cities had their own governments so what were they called?
What was the top of the ziggurat called and what happened there?
a shrine and priests and priestess' would pray there
Name the three classes of Sumerian city-states?
upper, middle and lower
What does the upper class of Sumerian city-states consist of?
kings, priests and government officials
What does the middle class of Sumerian city-states consist of?
artisans, merchants, fishers and farmers
What does the lower class of Sumerian city-states consist of?
What has Mesopotamia been called?
Cradle of Civilization
Why is Mesopotamia called the Cradle of Civilization?
because of the influence of Sumerian ideas on other areas
What does Mesopotamia mean?
the land between the rivers
When did cities in Sumer form?
in about 3000 BC, which was during the Bronze Age
What was the name of the oldest known story that the Sumerians produced?
The Epic of Gilgamesh
What did the Sumerians invent?
new technology such as the wagon wheel, the sailboat and the plow
What mathematical ideas did the Sumerians invent?
geometry, a number system based on 60 and a 12 month calendar
Why did Sumerians study the skies?
To know a good time to plant crops and hold religious festivals
City built by another group of people who became powerful after Sargon.
What did the law code or collection of laws do?
covered crimes, farming, business activities and marriage and family
Why was the law code important?
it was an important step in the development of the justice system
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