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AP US Government & Politics Exam Review
Terms in this set (47)
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
Right to bear arms
Quartering of soldiers
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures; Warrant required
protection against: due process, double jeopardy; self-incrimination
What is indictment?
a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime
Right to a speedy and public trial by jury
trial by jury in civil cases ($20)
No cruel and unusual punishment
People's rights are not limited to those in the Constitution.
Any rights not given to federal government are given to the states and people.
The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.
Suits against states by citizens must be taken place in said state
What are Suits at common law?
where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law
Separate ballots for President and Vice President
Abolition of slavery
Rights of citizens: 1) all persons born in the united states are granted citizenship, 2) no state can deny any person the equal protection of the laws, 3)no state can deny any person life, liberty, property without due process of law ~
can't take away privileges or immunities
African Americans can vote (suffrage)
Allows the federal government to collect income tax
Popular Election of Senators; 2 senators from each states for 6 years time
President takes office on January 20th at noon instead of March 4th.
repeal of amendment 18 (prohibition)
President can only serve two terms.
Voters in Washington D.C. given the right to vote for presidential electors ~
suffrage for Washington
Poll Tax barred
Voting Age Set to 18 Years
pay raises or decreases for members of Congress. Changes to Congressional pay must take effect after the next term of office for the representatives. This means that another election would have had to occur before the pay raises can take effect.
It prohibits any "Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under [the United States]" from accepting "any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State."
The clause in the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 1) that gives Congress the power to regulate all business activities that cross state lines or affect more than one state or other nations.
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits ~ *all states must adhere to the constitutions
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that
each state accept
the public acts, records, and judicial
proceedings of every other state and be open about their laws
Elastic Clause (Necessary and Proper Clause)
a statement in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers ~
implicit/implied powers to Congress which allows for flexibility in legislating by the Framers
Due Process Clause
Clause in the Fifth Amendment limiting the power of the national government; similar clause in the Fourteenth Amendment prohibiting state governments from depriving any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
requires a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court; allows the reports of unwillful detention ~
Free Exercise Clause
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from interfering with the practice of religion.
Which two clauses are intertwined with which 3 amendments?
Free Exercise Clause ~ 1st Amendment: in regards to the government's eschew of religion
Due Process ~ 5th/14 Amendment: fair treatment + prohibition of violating the citizen's right to life
Difference btw 6th and 7th Amendments?
6th amendment deals with criminal cases. The 7th amendment deals with non criminal cases like civil cases. However both has: right to a fair, just,public, speedy trial
Privileges and Immunities Clause
at "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." This clause protects fundamental rights of individual citizens and restrains state efforts to discriminate against out-of-state citizens.
Legislative Branch and establishes Congress - it has two houses, The Senate and the House of Representatives. They make the laws.
establishes the Executive Branch - it has the Presidency and the Bureaucracy. They carry out and enforce the laws.
establishes the Judicial Branch - it has the Supreme Court and the Lower Courts. They interpret and protect the Constitution.
Article of the Constitution that regulates the states' powers, and their interaction with the National government.
(change) establishes the Amendment Process to change the Constitution
Article of the Constitution that sets the status of the Constitution as the supreme law of the land, to which leaders must be loyal.
establishes Ratification of the Constitution by 3/4ths of the states.
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