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blank verse

Unrhymed verse with iambic pentameter


Ordinary writing that is not poetry, drama, or song


Drama where the central character/s suffer disaster/ great misfortune

metaphorical language

Comparison of unlike things

dramatic foil

A character whose purpose is to show off another character (ex. Benvolio for Tybalt)


One person speaking on stage (may be other characters on stage too)


A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage. (inner monologue)


Words spoken, usually in an undertone not intended to be heard by all characters


Humorous use of a word with two meanings- sometimes missed by the reader because of Elizabethan language language and sexual innuendo

direct address

words that tell the reader who is being addressed

verbal irony

Words used to suggest the opposite of what is meant

comic relief

Use of comedy within literature that is NOT comedy to provide "relief" from seriousness or or sadness (NOT dark satirical comedy)

situational irony

An event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, the readers, or the audience

dramatic irony

A contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader/audience knows to be true

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