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Terms in this set (41)
Chastity is a virtue of temperance, directed toward the positive integration of
sexuality within a person by moderating the sexual appetite.
Chastity leads to a correct understanding of human sexuality when integrated into
List and explain three concepts about marriage that we can learn from the creation story found in the Book of Genesis.
From Genesis, we can see that man and woman were created in a state of unity and love that
reflects the image and likeness of God. They also share in God's friendship and cooperate with him as stewards of creation. Finally, Adam and Eve started the human family, which gives
honor to God and shows forth his glory
Explain how human reproduction has a different meaning from that found in other species.
Human reproduction is different from that of other species because instead of just acting on
instinct, men and women give a knowing expression to their love and willingly cooperate with God in his creation of a new person. God gives the conceived fetus a soul, thereby creating a human being. God and the spouses are, as it were, partners in bringing new human life into the
Explain the analogy between the Eucharist and the marital act in regard to the renewal of a covenant.
In the marital act, the bodies and spirits of the couple are drawn closer together to represent (or embody) the union formed when they were joined in marriage. Thus, the marital act is a renewal of the marriage covenant just as the consecration of the Eucharist at each Mass is a renewal of the new covenant made by Christ,
What is complementariness? How does this apply to marriage?
Complementarity is the way that men and women are compatible and complete each
other according to the original plan of God
Explain the different ways in which married love is fruitful.
Married love is fruitful because it joins physical, emotional, and psychological
pleasure with love, affection, and sacrifice to cooperate with God to bring new life
into the world
Reproduction is an inherent meaning of sexuality common to all species. What additional meaning does sexuality have for human beings?
Instead of only acting on instinct, like animals, the couple expresses with their
bodies what Christ intended to be continually present in their hearts and minds.
In this way, the true meaning of the marital act expresses an enduring, exclusive,
faithful, and sacrificial love.
What are the two primary aspects of the marital act?
The two main purposes of the marital act are unitive and procreative
Why is "education of the children" an inherent aspect of marriage? How and why is this different from other animal species?
The education of children is an important aspect of marriage because God has given
human beings reason and free will. People need to learn what is right and wrong
so that they can choose to do good and avoid evil. Because the parents are the ones
who co-created the child (along with God), it is their responsibility to do all they
can to educate him or her. Because having children is one of the main purposes of
marriage, it follows that "education of the children" would be one of the important
aspects of marriage
Explain the meaning of "exclusivity" and "permanence." Explain how these concepts can be deduced from the creation story. Explain the significance of the "total gift of self" in marriage.
Marital exclusivity means that a person cannot give himself or herself totally to more than one person. Permanence refers to the fact that marriage bonds are indissoluble. This can be deduced from Genesis when God created one woman for one man and
two became one flesh. Christ commented on this passage by saying what God has joined man
may not separate, referring again to permanence. In marriage, each person has given
himself or herself completely to his or her spouse, creating a "total gift of self that demands fidelity, not only physically, but also in giving one's love and affection. In this way, the union between the spouses reflects the communion between Christ and his Church
What are two false views of human sexuality? What are these views false?
Two false views of human sexuality are the puritanical view and the self-centered
approach. The puritanical view is false because, within the context of marriage, sex is not
sinful, but rather something to be celebrated. Additionally, the self-centered approach is wrong
because it detracts from the holiness of the marital bond and
places the focus on the individual rather than the couple
Explain how sexual relations outside of the context of marriage is a degradation of the sacred.
Human love and sexuality within marriage is a special expression of God's goodness and thus inherently sacred. Using human sexuality in an unholy way would be like using a crucifix
as a doorstop or a chalice as a planter
What is the true meaning of the martial act?
The marital act is the language of the body that communicates spousal unity and expresses the commitment to serve and love each other for life
Explain why the Catholic Church does not recognize civil divorce as the nullification of a sacramental marriage.
The Catholic Church does not recognize divorce because it involves a deliberate intent to break the lifelong commitment of fidelity and spousal love that is required for the sacred bond of marriage
How is divorce an offense against the dignity of marriage?
Divorce offends the dignity of marriage because it is a grave sin against marital fidelity and constitutes a violation of the covenant
that the couple freely and fully agreed to when they got married
What is adultery, and how is it a betrayal of marriage? What are some of its harmful consequences?
Adultery is when two people have sexual relations while either or both of them are married to others. The most common
consequence is the destruction of the marriages involved, as well as severe emotional and psychological damage to both the slighted
spouses as well as any children involved
What is an abortifacient?
Abortifacients are drugs or devices that keep a fertilized egg from attaching to the womb.
Why does the Catholic Church teach that the use of contraception is sinful?
The use of contraception is sinful because, without the possibility of procreation, the purpose of the marital act shifts from a loving
gift of self to the manifestation of a self-centered attitude
Explain how removing the procreative intent from the marital act impedes the unitive intent as well
Using contraception, for example, renders the marital act sterile. The couple says, in effect, "we want sex but not the natural fruit of
it." They give themselves dominion over the conjugal act rather than being its stewards. This usurpation of God's role also puts them
on the road to selfishness, a quality that erodes the unity of the couple
What are some of the consequences which Pope Paul VI warned would occur if the use of contraception became widespread in society. Explain how these warnings were prophetic.
In Humanae Vitas, Pope Paul VI predicted what would result if the Church's teaching were not followed: an increase in premarital
sex; in marital infidelity; in the wife becoming a sex object for the husband; in divorce; in abortion; and in governments forcing
contraception, sterilization, and abortion on its citizens. All these things, in fact, have come true.
How does the use of contraception promote promiscuity and lead to an increase in abortion?
When people have ready access to contraception, they often believe that they do not have to worry about getting pregnant.
However, each method of contraception has a known failure rate, some of which are quite high. When pregnancies do occur,
the resulting children are unplanned and often unwanted, thus resulting in an increase in the number of abortions. Couples
will rely on one kind of contraception to prevent pregnancy, and, if that does not work, they will often view abortion as a
How can the use of a non-marital sperm donor be considered clinical adultery?
Using a sperm donation from a person who is not one's husband can be considered "clinical adultery" because the child is not "the fruit of the specific act of the conjugal love of his parents."
How does IVF degrade the sanctity of human life? How does genetic selection (ie., the choice of an embryo based on predetermined characteristics) undermine the santity of life?
IVF degrades the sanctity of human life because many embryos are produced in the lab. The majority are frozen for later use. Those who are not used are often discarded later. As for genetic selection, it is wrong because the child is rejected or chosen based on certain qualities rather than being loved as a human being and a gift from God
What is Natural Family Planning, and how does it function?
Natural Family Planning is a Church-approved method by which a couple may regulate conception by respecting the woman's natural. God-given cycle of fertility
How does Natural Family Planning uphold the sanctity and dignity of marriage? How is it different from the use of contraception?
NFP respects God's plan because every marital act is open to the possibility of conception. NFP is different than using contraception, in that the couple avoids sexual relations when there is the likelihood of conception. With contraception, on the other hand, the couple has sexual relations but deliberately renders them sterile. NFP does not separate the unitive and procreative purposes of the
What are the conditions for the moral use of NFP?
In order for the use of NFP to be morally acceptable, each and every conjugal act must be open to the transmission of life, one must make the choice with an upright conscience informed by the teachings of the Church, and there must be a serious reason for
determining the number and spacing of children
List ways in which the media distorts the true meaning of human sexuality.
The true meaning of human sexuality is constantly misrepresented by the media through its glorification of self-indulgence; constant claims that "sex sells;" and promotion of movies, TV, music, clothes, and behaviors that encourage immoral behavior
How are we affected by the culture in which we live?
Modern culture has a very strong influence on our opinions and beliefs because we are constantly exposed to it
How can Christians help to create an authentic culture?
If Christians constantly present and live the authentic meaning of genuine love and the beauty of human sexuality expressed in the sanctity of marriage, society may be more likely to see the reality of human love, the sacredness of marriage, and the happiness
offered us by God
What are five violations of the dignity of human sexuality? How can these be considered a lie?
Five violations of the dignity of human sexuality are masturbation, premarital sex. oral or anal intercourse, homosexual acts, and bestiality. These acts may be considered lies because they blatantly contradict the true meaning of human sexuality. If the true,
self-giving love, the lifelong commitment in marriage, or the proper openness to procreation are not present, the marital act and the intimacy leading up to it are the sign of a union that simply does not exist,
How can an impure thought be considered a sin? Use the teachings of Christ to explain your answer.
Impure thoughts are sinful when the will consents to entertaining them. Christ said one could commit adultery in his heart by looking
at a woman lustfully. He also said that external evil acts are simply the fruits of what is already in the heart,
Explain how masturbation degrades the true meaning of human sexuality. What does it mean that human sexuality is directed toward the "other"?
Masturbation degrades the true meaning of human sexuality because the individual misuses his or her sexuality by focusing this gift only on himself or herself, completely separated from its purpose. Sex is supposed to be complementary, in which two persons
become one flesh and complete each other, while masturbation is only self-directed
How does homosexuality violate the complementariness of human sexuality? How does it violate the inherent meaning of sexuality as found in nature?
Men and women were created to complement each other. One way in which this can be seen is in the direct connection between sexual union, in which each man and woman contributes something, and new life. This connection simply does not exist in
homosexual acts. Biologically, homosexual acts are pointless, as reproduction could never result from them
How does Christ ask his followers to treat others who have homosexual tendencies?
Christ asks his followers to treat them exactly as they would treat anyone else: with respect, compassion, and concern. This is a
prime example of "hate the sin, love the sinner."
What standard of morality does Christ ask of those who have homosexual tendencies?
Everyone who has homosexual tendencies is called by Christ to live a life of chastity, just like everyone else
How is a life focused on Christ the first step in living a chaste life?
Even though it might seem difficult to live a chaste life, these problems are usually due to bad habits, a weak commitment, and a lack
of love. A life focused on Christ motivates one to remove the obstacles that stand in the way of commitment to him
"If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and throw it away" (Mt 5:29)
This analogy describes what we should do when exposed to things that may lead us to sin. If we aggressively rid ourselves of everything that would lead us to sin, there is less of a chance of falling into temptation
As mentioned previously, we are affected by our culture. What responsibility does that give to Christians?
As Christians, it is important to keep God's teachings in mind, to choose things that elevate our lives and to avoid things that might cause us to sin. Also, Christians have a responsibility to help form an authentically Christian culture
Explain how immodest dress detracts from the dignity of the person.
Immodest dress usually causes one to become primarily an object of lustful desire rather than a person to be respected and loved. One should choose to dress in a way that reflects the dignity and inestimable value of the human person and invites respect and
admiration, instead of inappropriate thoughts and comments
What are ways to avoid temptations against chastity while dating?
Do not date exclusively until there is a serious prospect of imminent marriage. Go out with groups of people rather than being alone with just one person
How do the Sacraments of the Eucharist and Reconciliation help a person to grow in the virtue of chastity?
Reconciliation forgives our sins and gives us grace so that we can continually make a fresh start. The Eucharist gives us abundant graces to live chastity as well as the other virtues
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