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Terms in this set (13)
Indian Removal Act
law passed in 1830 by Andrew Jackson that forced many Native American nations to move west of the Mississippi River
A powerful and peaceful Native American tribe living in the Southern Unites States at the time. Their 40,000 square miles of territory included the Appalachian Mountains in parts of current-day Georgia, eastern Tennessee, and the western Carolinas.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. 1, was a United States Supreme Court case. The Cherokee Nation sought a federal injunction against laws passed by the U.S. state of Georgia depriving them of rights within its boundaries, but the Supreme Court did not hear the case on its merits.
Oklahoma Territory, which was also called the Indian Territory, was land that was set aside for Native Americans. In the early 1800s, the U.S. government considered all of the territory west of the Mississippi River, apart from Missouri, Louisiana, and Arkansas, to be Indian Territory.
Five Civilized Tribes
Cherokees, Choctaws, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Seminoles were referred to as "civilized" because they were better integrated into Anglo-American culture than most other Native Americans at the time.
American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.
An area to which Native Americans were moved covering what is now Oklahoma and parts of Kansas and Nebraska
The seventh President of the United States who as a general in the War of 1812 defeated the British at New Orleans. As president he opposed the Bank of America, objected to the right of individual states to nullify disagreeable federal laws, and increased the presidential powers. He also passed the Indian Removal Law.
Johnson vs. McIntosh
(marshall). Established that Indian tribes had the rights to tribal lands that preceded all other American law; only the federal government could take land from the tribes.
The Cherokee Chief who went to Washington asking for past treaties be honored and his people not to be removed from their land.
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina and Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas-more than 800 miles (1,287 km)-to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food during the 116-day journey.
Seminole leader who resisted the removal of his people from Florida in the 1830s. He died under suspicious circumstances after being tricked into surrendering (1837). (Fought in the Second Seminole War)
Worcester vs. Georgia
1832 The court banned Georgia's extension of state law into Cherokee land. Jackson ignored the decision.
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