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Unit 3 (Goal 4) Federalist Era
Terms in this set (38)
An attack in 1807 by the British ship Leopard on the American ship Chesapeake in American territorial waters. Jefferson retailiated with the Embargo Act
Judiciary Act of 1789
legislation passed by Congress that created the federal court system
Judiciary Act of 1801
Passed by the departing Federalist Congress, it created sixteen new federal judgeships ensuring a Federalist hold on the judiciary.
Bank of the United States (BUS)
Proposed by Alexander Hamilton as the basis of his economic plan. He proposed a powerful private institution, in which the government was the major stockholder. This would be a way to collect and amass the various taxes collected. It would also provide a strong and stable national currency. Jefferson vehemently opposed the bank; he thought it was un-constitutional. nevertheless, it was created. This issue brought about the issue of implied powers. It also helped start political parties, this being one of the major issues of the day.
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle between Americans and Native Americans. Tecumseh and the Prophet attempted to oppress white settlement in the West, but defeated by William Henry Harrison. Led to talk of Canadian invasion and served as a cause to the War of 1812.
United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812
An early political party headed by Thomas Jefferson; stood for less centralized government
1792-1816. Formed by Alexander Hamilton. Controlled the government until 1801. Wanted strong nationalistic government. Opposed by Democratic Republicans.
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
A precedent set by George Washington his cabinet was
acted his advisory panel. Secretary of State- Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of the Treasury- Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of War- Henry Knox
Attorney General- Edmund Randolph
Treaty signed in 1794 between the U.S. And Britain in which Britain sought to improve trade relations and agreed to withdraw from forts in the northwest territory but did not solve the issue of impressment or neutrality
Election of 1800, tie, Jefferson and Burr
The two Democratic-Republicans Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr defeated Federalist John Adams, but tied with each other. The final decision went the House of Representatives, where there was another tie. After a long series of ties in the House, Jefferson was finally chosen as president. Burr became vice-president. This led to the 12th Amendment, which requires the president and vice-president of the same party to run on the same ticket.
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Meeting of Federalists near the end of the War of 1812 in which the party listed it's complaints against the ruling Republican Party. These actions were largly viewed as traitorous to the country and lost the Federalist much influence
A machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 which increased cotton production and thus an increased need for slaves
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the homefront. She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create.
An insult to the American delegation when they were supposed to be meeting French foreign minister, Talleyrand, but instead they were sent 3 officials Adams called "X,Y, and Z" that demanded $250,000 as a bribe to see Talleyrand.
French architect who designed the layout of Washington, DC with broad avenues and park-like areas
Battle of Fallen Timbers
The U.S. Army defeated the Native Americans under Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket and ended Native American hopes of keeping their land that lay north of the Ohio River
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that ended the War of 1812 and maintained prewar conditions
Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president.
Report on Public Credit
Alexander Hamilton's 1790 report recommending that the federal government should assume all state debts and fund the national debt — that is, offer interest on it rather than repaying it — at full value. Hamilton's goal was to make the new country creditworthy, not debt-free.
Signed with Spain which, fearing an Anglo-American alliance, granted Americans free navigation of the Mississippi and the disputed territory of Florida.
Embargo Act of 1807
Act passed by congress in 1807 prohibiting American ships from leaving for any foreign port
A state's refusal to recognize an act of Congress that it considers unconstitutional
Battle of New Orleans, 1815
Last major battle of the War of 1812; making Andrew Jackson a national hero and propelling him later to the presidency.
Proclamation of Neutrality (1793)
In 1793, President George Washington issued a proclamation the U.S. would remain neutral in the war between Britain and France. (p. 111)
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into military service
In 1794, farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against Hamilton's excise tax on whiskey proved the power of the national governemnt
A Shawnee chief who tried to unite Native American tribes
territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
1796 speech by Washington urging US to maintain neutrality and avoid permanent alliances with European nations
Consumer tax on a specific kind of merchandise, such as tobacco.
War Hawk leaders
Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun
A way of INTERPRETING the Constitution that allows the Federal Gov't to ONLY do those things SPECIFICALLY mentioned in the Constitution
Government can do anything not expressly forbidden by the Constitution.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
American History NCFE Review - Part I
George Washington's Presidency
Road to Revolution
Federalist Era Vocabulary
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