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Civics Midterm Exam Review 2020
Terms in this set (56)
The study of citizenship and government
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution that guarantee of individual rights
the organizations, institutions, and individuals who exercise political authority over a group of people
people trying to escape the dangers in their own countries
permanent residents of the US who are still residents of another country
the right to vote
To charge a government official with misconduct
The Melting Pot
The idea that the United States is made up of immigrants who blend into or adopt American social and cultural ideas
Political Action Committee (PAC)
Groups that collect voluntary contributions from members to fund political candidates and parties that have the same beliefs as the group
A legal process by which aliens become citizens
Checks and Balances
A system in which the powers of the government are balances among different branches so that each branches can limit the powers of the other branches
Chief of State
President's role as the living symbol of the Unites
Commander in Chief
The president is the leader of the United State armed forces ( Military )
The president's role as the "boss" of the executive branch ( appointment )
The president's ability to influence congress with the State of the Union Address, Vet, and other checks
Chief of Party
the President's role as the leader of his political party
The president's role in foreign policy
Tries to fool people without letting them know it was created to influence them ( may not give their sources )
More common in democracies, people are aware someone is trying to influence them
Endorsement of celebrities, athletes, and others that will persuade you
Encouraging people to think or act in some way simply because other people are doing so ( peer-pressure )
Using an unpleasant label or description to harm a person, group, or product
Uses words and vague statements that sound good but have no meaning
argument is one in which the speaker presents him or herself as a common person
Uses facts that support only one side, such as a politicians, product, or idea
A legal member of a country
Set number of immigrants who can enter a country in a year
An official count of the number of people in a country
The annual number of live birth (increase in population)
Government by consent of the governed
A system in which the decision of more than half the people is accepted by all
Powers shared by the federal government and the states
The beginning of the Untitled State constitution, which describes its purposes
A refusal by the president or a governor to sign a bill
A written change to the constitution
king or queen of a country or empire
The Declaration of Independent
Written by Thomas Jefferson, it was a list of grievances against England
the Articles of Confederation
The first plan for the United State government that had many weaknesses
The document that created the three branches of government, the idea of the checks and balances system, and is still used as the basis of our government currently
How can you become an american citizen?
1. Born to U.S. citizen
3. Born on U.S. soil
How is representation in congress determined?
House of Representatives- based on population
Senate- based on statehood
What does the executive branch do?
How does the president influence policy and Legislation?
1. Vetoes or sign bills
2. State of the union address
3. Appeals directly to the people
4. Appoints officials
What is an Interest Group? How do Interest Group and PACs different?
Interest Group- Issue orientated groups
PACs- Political Action Commitee- tries to elect specific candidate
Describe bureaucracies and their role
1. Expert who create regulations and complete task
2. Parts of the Executive branch
What branch of the government and who appoints people to certain positions? Which branch checks those appointment?
The president ( Executive Branch ) appoints people and congress has to approve them
What are EPA, FCC, FDA, and the FTC all considered? Explain what they are
Government Agencies- Which are part of the Executive branch
What is the winner-take-all method?
The candidate who wins the popular vote, takes all the state's electoral votes
What is the electoral college?
Cast their votes to officially elect the president
What is the amendment process?
Proposed - congressional vote or state legislatures
Approved/ ratified by the states
Who can declare war?
Federal Government- congress
What are the 3 constitutional qualifications for becoming president of the United States?
1. Be native born
2. Be at least 35 years old
3. Have been a resident for the United States for at least 14 years
What are the constitutional roles of the vice President?
1. President over the senate
2. Serve as president if the president is unable to fulfill his roles
How does the government use the media?
1. To communicate with Americans
2. To influence people
What are the three things a president can do to a bill?
3. Pocket veto (no action)
What is lobbying?
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