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Living Things Unit 2: Adaptations & Natural Selection
Terms in this set (44)
Process of learning through reward or punishment
Learning from past experiences and reasoning' problem-solving
Behavior that occurs only after experience or practice; not born with it
Any behavior that occurs naturally in all animals of a given species from the time of birth; could be an instinct or reflex
Ability of an animal to perform a behavior the first time it is exposed to stimuli, such as building a nest or web
Any behavior that occurs without conscious thought as a response to stimuli, such as blinking, grasping, or gaping
Way a honeybee moves to tell other bees in the hive where to find food
Any way in which animals share information; includes sight, sound, and smell (pheromones or scents)
Working together with others to obtain protection or food and other resources
Behaviors that help attract a mate
Regular change in biology or behavior that occurs in a 24-hour cycle
Animals that are active during the day
Animals that are active during the night
State in which an animal's body processes are slower than usual, body temperature falls in order to conserve energy when food is scarce during winter months.
Regular movement of animals each year, usually to find food, mates, or other resources
A period of reduced activity that some animals experience in the summer
A reflex in monkeys to take hold of something firmly with a hand or foot
Automatic response to protect eyes from objects, drying out, or infection
A natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment.
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce offspring with identical traits.
A change in a gene or chromosome.
Camouflage that makes prey difficult to see
Occurs when an insect looks like an object in its environment to blend in, such as a twig, thorns on a tree, or a flower
Ability of an animal to look like another more harmful animal, such as viceroys and monarchs
A color pattern that helps break the outline of an organism
Bright colors meant to advertise to predators that an organism is toxic or noxious
Hidden markings that are quickly exposed to startle or divert the attention of a predator
Compounds released by prey to defend themselves from predators, such as venom and acids
Example of natural selection caused by pollution
Refers to bacteria that have evolved to survive current antibiotics we have to treat infections
Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment
Behaviors or body features that help an organism survive in its habitat
Features used to scare away predators, such as eyespots and bright colors
The scientific study of how animals behave, particularly in natural environments.
Nature vs. Nurture
The debate about whether genes or environmental factors contribute more to a person's behavior
Behavior occurring in repeating patterns, such as bird migration
The scientific study of animals
The scientific study of insects
The process by which certain animals form attachments to the first moving object they see and hear
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms.
The struggle between organisms to survive in a habitat with limited resources
The variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem
Organisms would have a much better chance of surviving and adapting to changes in an ecosystem
Organisms would have a much harder time of surviving or adapting to changes in an ecosystem
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