Create an account
a guess about what a sensation represents that is held until more information is available
a cheetas scrambling up a rocky slope in montana is likely to be perceived as...
a mountain lion because perception is guided by expectations
gender schema theory
when jorge wouldn't play leap-frog with his mother because it was a "girl's game"
ex: that you do not hear the traffic outside of your psychology class because you are ENGROSSED in the lecture
the electromagnetic spectrum
includes visible light, infrared, ultraviolet, radio waves, television broadcasts, gamma rays, and other energies
having two ears separated by several inches...
helps identify the direction form which a sound originates
the analysis of information starting with pre-existing knowledge in order to organize features into a meaningful whole
sometimes paint stripes on freeway off-ramps to enhance the perception of depth, using the cue of texture gradients
with attribute from a widespread increase in the reported sightings of UFOs following newpaper reports of similiar sightings
the biases and errors of people's everyday judgements illustrate
the need for critical thinking, curious skepticism, and open-minded humility
when your best friend criticizes psychological research for being artificial and having no relevance to behaviour in real life, in defense of psychologies use of laboratory experiments you say...
that psychologists intentionally study behavior in simplified life environments in orderto gain greater control over variables and to test general principles that help to explain many behaviors
alicia adams demonstrates the scientific attitude of skeptism by...
insisting that Dr. Phillip's theory of aggression be checked against observable evidence
parkinson's disease involves
the death of nerve cells that produce a vital neurotransmitter called dopamine
compared with right-handers, left-handers...
are more likely to experience headaches and more likely to suffer from asthma
andrew's injury was located in his central nervous system because
he damaged his spinal cord and consequently suffered paraysis of his legs in a TRAGIC diving accident
a phrenologist would suggest that
the shape of a person's skull indicates the extent to which that the individual is argumentative and aggresive
in resting state, the axon is polarized with
mostly postively charged ions outside and negatively charged ions inside
jessica likely injured her cerebellum because
she experienced difficulty keeping her balance after receiving a blow to the back of her head
the body's natural production of endorphins is likely...
to be increased by heroin use and decreased by acupuncture
if a neurosurgeon stimulated parts of your sensory cortex
you would experience a sense of being touched
the reuptake of a neurotransmitter such as serotonin wou ld involve
the absorption of serotonin into an axon terminal
you are able to quickly pull your hand away from hot water before pain is felt because
movement of the hand is a reflex that involves intervention of the spinal cord only
a slap on the back is more painful than a pat of the back because...
a slap on the back triggers faster and more intense and frequent neural impulses
an EEG is...
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the surface of the brain
jack became more uninhibited, irritable, and profane after a gunshot wound because of...
an injury to his frontal lobe
is a magnetic resonant image looking at how the atoms in your brain reorganize while being magnetized
disagreed with plato and thought we were both the mind and body becoming the first duelist
the most relevant to understanding the behavioral similiarities among women raised in different cultures
A pair of adopted children or identical twins reared in the same home are most likely to have similar
parental influence h as far more effect on a child's accent and educational success than does
when his mother offered to play leapfrog with him, Jorge protested, "I'm not going to play a girl's game!" Jorge's reaction is best explained in terms of
gender schema theory
the gender that is more likely to initiate sexual activity, express permissive attitudes regarding sexual activity, and comply with direct requests for casual sex is
social learning theorists emphasize taht _______ and ________ play a crucial role in the gender-typing process
observation and imitation
an experiment where neither the scientist nor the subjects know who the control group is is called a
double blind experiment
the method that would be most appropriate for investigating the relationship between the religious beliefs of americans and their attitudes towards abortion is
our tendency to notice and remember instances in which a premonition of an unlikely phone call is actually followed by the call most clearly contributes to an
In order to determine the effects of a new drug on memory, one group of subjects is given a pill that contains the drug. A second group is given a sugar pill that does not contain the drug. This second group constitutes the
Research particpants are randomly assigned to different conditions in an experiment in order
to reduce the likelihood of any preexisting differences between the groups of participants assigned to the different conditions
The type of research an investigator would use to manipulate one factor in order to observe its effect on some behavior or mental process is
In order to compare the pace of life in different countries, Levine and Norenzayan measured the speed with which postal clerks completed a simple request. This best illustrates the use of a research method known as
A specification of how a researcher measures a research variable is known as an
Statistical reasoning can help us to generalize correctly from a _______ to a ___________
sample to a population
When a difference between two groups is _________________, this means that the difference is not likely to be due to chance variation
In a group of five individuals, two report annual incomes of $10,000, and the other three report incomes of $14,000, $15,000, and $31,000, respectively.The mode of this group's distribution of annual incomes is
Psychologists who carefully watch the behavior of chimpanzees in the jungle are using a research method known as
professor delano exemplifies a _______ when he predicts that because people are especially attracted to those who are good looking, handsome mean will be more successful than average looking mean in securing employment
the concept of control in an psychological research is important because...
without control over independent and dependent variables, researchers cannot describe,, predict, or explain behavior and results cannot be generalized from an sample to a population
according to erikson, a child entering adolesence can expect major developmental task demands to center around the need to____________
develope sense of one's self
a toddler who is learning to use the TOILET who sometimes feels bad when he/she messes up is at erikson's stage called ___________
autonomy versus shame and doubt
as children begin their elementary school years, they enter erikson's stage of _________
industry versus inferiority
a child who is just starting school, trying to learn good habits and to do well, is in erikson's stage of __________
industry versus inferiority
teachers, peers, and adults outside the home become more important in shpaing attitudes towards oneself in Erikson's stage of _________
industry versus inferiority
according to Erikson, failure to resolve the tasks of middle adulthood leads to....
a sense of stagnation of involving a concern for one's own needs and comforts only
initiative and independence are fostered by...
encouragement from parents when a child plans and carries out a task
conservation is the idea that:
properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in appearance
children pass through two stages of morality:
the morality of constraint and the morality of cooperation
a successful alternative to drug treatment for hyperactivity is
behavior modification or behavior management
one recommended way for parents to handle occasional bed-wetting in children is to....
limit the amount of water they drink in the evening
a common mistake made by many concerned parents is like to be:
attempting to protect their children from all stress
from the perspective of a lifespan psychologist, life stages are important because
they present a set of developmental tasks to be mastered
Kohlberg identified the three levels of moral development as:
the preconventional, conventional, and postconventional
at the conventional level of morality, a person:
conforms to the expectations of others or to socially accepted rules and values
at the postconventional level of morality, a person:
directs their behavior based on SELF-accepted moral principles
at the preconventional level of morality, a person:
determines moral choices by the direct consequences of actions
according to Kubler-Ross, the most common order of emotional reactions in preparing for death is:
denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
____________________ is the part of intelligence which involves the use, as opposed to the acquisition, of information
_________________________ is a style consisting of very few rules and allowing children to make most decisions and control their own behavior
__________________________ is a style focused on excessive rules, rigid belief systems, and expecation of unquestioned obedience
__________________________ is a style focused on setting reasonable rules and expectations while encouraging comunication and independence
A researcher presetns two lights of varying brightness to a subject who is asked to respond "same" or "different" by comparing their intensities. The researcher is seeking the
just noticeable difference
The amount of change necessary is given stimulus to produce a just noticeable difference is a constant proportion of the original stimulus. This defines
________________________ has been used by advertising companies and politicians in an attempt to increase sales or change opinions
________________ refers to a decrease in sensory response that accompanies an unchanging stimulus
___________ involves the presentation of stimuli too rapidly or too weakly to be consciously recognized
A child has learned to avoid a furry, black cat. However, she still plays with her grandmother's short-haired tabby. Her response demonstrates
In a study of punishment, shock is administered to hamster through a wire grid on the bottom of the cage. To the researcher's surprise, the hamster learns to roll on its back when shocked so that its fur insulates it from the shock. The hamster's response demonstrates
The process through which a response is taught by rewarding successive approximations to the final desired response is
A "silent" dog whistle takes advantage of a characteristic of sennsory systems known as the
In bright light, the iris _________ and the pupil _______ to control the amount of light entering the eye
Seeing out of the corner of your eye, often important in sports activities and driving, is called
When you were in seventh grade, you had to get _______ because you could not see the board at school
Black and white vision with greatest sensitivity under low levels of illumination describes the function of the
Brain cells that analyze incoming sensory information into lines, angles, shading and movement are called
Visual problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism are the result of
physical abnormalities in the structure of the eye
_____________ indicates that skin receptors are found in varying concentrations, reflecting the sensitivity of body areas
the ________ theory explains that hearing high or low tones depends upon which area of the cochlea is most strongly stimulated
___________ sensation results from receptors in the muscles and joints responding to movement
In the ________ system, the first anatomical structure to respond to the sound wave is/are the eardrum.
The theory of color vision which states that the visual system analyzes information into "either-or" messages is the
opponent process theory
If you stand in the middle of a cobblestone street, the street will look coarse near your feet and finer if you look into the distance. This is called
when traveling in a car, near objects seem to move past you faster than distant objects. This is called
If a genetically based attraction to beautiful people contributes to survival, that trait will likely be passed on to subsequent generations. This best illustrates
Evelyn wants to know how consistent her bowling scores have been during the past season. The ___________ would be most relevant to this specific concern
The tendency to group together objects that are the same size, shape, color, or form is known as
A man 6 feet in height will look "tall" when surrounded by others of average height, and "short" among a group of professional basketball players.
This is an example of context.
The purported ability to perceive events at a distance or through physical barriers is termed
Experiments with the visual cliff show that human infants perceive _____ by the age of six months
An imaginary perception, such as seeing, hearing, or smelling something that does not exist in the external world is called a
__________ is a process by which sensations are assembled into meaningful patterns that represent external events
The ability to see three-dimensional space and to accurately judge distances is called
Human factors engineer psychologist would most likely be interested in things such as
displays, controls, and sensory and motor capabilities.
__________ is a sleep disturbance in which one awakens several times during the night and has difficulty returning to sleep
A suden, irresistible urge to sleep, which lasts a few minutes to half an hour during the daytime, is called
When a person is shut off from the world such that he or she cannot even tell what time it is by light or dark, their sleep-waking cycle lengthens to an average of about
Our ________________ are tied to a 24-hour day because they are tied to external time markers like light and dark
In Pavlov's experiments with dogs, salivation was the
I'M PRETTY SURE IT'S CONDITIONED RESPONSE BUT IT SAYS "CONDITIONED RESPONSE" HERE
In _____________, learning is evident when a stimulus which did not intially produce a response now elicits that response
In __________________________, events critical for conditioning occur after the response
Thorndike's law of effect
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together