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Living Things Unit 1 Vocab
Terms in this set (42)
Multicellular organism whose cells have a nucleus; includes plants and animals
Single-celled organisms whose cells do not have a nucleus; maybe autotrophs or heterotrophs
Single-celled organisms whose cells do not have a nucleus; different cell wall than bacteria
Second broadest classification category in the binomial classification system
System that uses two names for living things
Created using an organism's genus and species
Group of closely related classes
Group of closely related orders
Group of closely related families
Group of closely related genus
Makes up the first part of an organism's scientific name
Most specific classification category; includes only one type of organism; means "kind"
Any living thing
Father of taxonomy; credited with the development of the modern classification system
Science of classification; formed from the term "taxa" meaning to group organisms
Diagram that shows how organisms are related
Broadest classification level with 3 groups - Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
A form of asexual reproduction of yeast in which a new cell grows out of the body of a parent.
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent.
Type of reproduction in which cells from two parents unite to form the first cell of a new organism; inherits traits from both parents
A simple, automatic, inborn response to a sensory stimulus, such as the knee-jerk response.
A change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organism to react
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Group of organisms with cells that DO NOT contain a nucleus; includes Bacteria and Archaea
Organisms need this to grow and develop; some get it by eating other organisms for food, while others are able to produce their own food through photosynthesis
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
Groups of cells with a common structure and function.
A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
A group of organs that work together in performing vital body functions.
A living thing that is in an inactive state
Pore-bearing animals that can be found in the sea
A group of organisms that have jointed appendages, an exoskeleton, bilateral symmetry, and reproduce sexually; insects, arachnids, millipedes and cenitpedes, and crustaceans
Arthropods with three body sections, six legs, one pair of antenna, and usually one or two pairs of wings
A member of a major arthropod group that includes spiders, scorpions, ticks, and mites. All members have eight pairs of walking legs.
Arthropods, including lobsters, crabs, shrimps, and pill bugs, characteristically having a segmented body, a chitinous exoskeleton, and 5 or more pairs of jointed limbs.
Arthropods having the body composed of numerous segments each with two pairs of legs for each segment: millipedes
Arthropods having a body composed of numerous segments with one pair of legs for each segment; centipedes
Nonliving component needed for life on Earth
Nonliving resource composed of a compound with 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom
Living things with vertebra, hair or fur, gives birth to babies, feed the babies milk form their bodies & warm blooded.
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes.
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