17 terms

Unit 1A - Classification

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Eukarya
Multicellular organism whose cells have a nucleus; includes plants and animals
Bacteria
Single-celled organisms whose cells do not have a nucleus
Archaea
Single-celled organisms whose cells do not have a nucleus; different cell wall than bacteria
Kingdom
Second broadest classification category in the binomial classification system
Binomial Nomenclature
System that uses two names for living things
Scientific Name
Created using an organism's genus and species
Phylum
Group of closely related classes
Class
Group of closely related orders
Order
Group of closely related families
Family
Group of closely related genus
Genus
Makes up the first part of an organism's scientific name
Species
Most specific classification category; includes only one type of organism
Organism
Any living thing
Linnaeus
Father of taxonomy; credited with the development of the modern classification system
Taxonomy
Science of classification
Cladogram
Diagram that shows how organisms are related
Domain
Broadest classification level with 3 groups - Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
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