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10th Grade 1st Semester Language Arts Final
Terms in this set (55)
What is the Marxist Lens?
The lens that looks at power and how it is distributed, money and its importance, and the social class of the author them self.
What is the Feminist Lens?
The lens that looks at women and their role in society, how women function/behave/are limited, how men have to fit roles and limitations of men. The only belief is that the two genders are equal.
What is the Freudian Lens?
Helps examine how the inner workings of the brain influence every aspect of a work.
What is Romanticism? How did it emerge?
A movement in art, literature, and music during the 19th century. Emerged as a reaction to Rationalist beliefs.
What is Realism? How did it emerge?
Direct opposite of Romanticism. All about actual life. Emerged as a reaction to Romanticism.
What is Modernism?
A rejection of 19th century traditions. Modernists wanted to distinguish themselves from virtually the entire history of art and literature.
What themes do Marxists look for?
"Individual vs. Exploitative System"
"Robot Human For the Greater Good or Better Human"
What are some big questions asked by Marxist Thinkers?
How does money matter/function in this work?
How does a power system matter/function in this work?
What are some big questions asked by Feminist Thinkers?
How does gender function/matter in this work?
How are women portrayed/depicted in this work?
What are some big questions asked by Freudian Thinkers?
Is the Id winning in any character?
Do any characters represent Id, Superego, or Ego?
Are any of the characters repressing any of their true urges, dreams, or goals?
How are the characters seeking being a baby again, called narcissistic bliss?
What is going on the mind of any given character?
What are the three parts of the Freudian Lens?
1. Id: base wants and desires (hunger, thirst, energy)
2. Superego: The conscience, sense of morality, and right/wrong (Is this a good thing to do, or is it bad?)
3. Ego: Balance or mediator between Id and the superego. (What is the right thing to do that also fulfills out needs?)
Of the three parts of the Freudian Lens, which part is conscious?
None of them (trick question). They are all subconscious processes.
What are the five "I"s of Romanticism?
What are the characteristics of Realism?
1. Emphasis on psychological
2. Common settings
3. Real and true to life world events
4. Humans are in control of their own destiny and are superior to their circumstances.
The use of symbols to represent ideas
A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.
The act of creating and developing a character
Define Tragic Hero.
A hero who is brought to their demise by a flaw in their character.
Define Tragic Flaw.
A fatal flaw leading to the downfall of the tragic hero/heroine (flaw in PERSONALITY)
Define Dramatic Irony.
When the audience knows more than the characters do.
Define Situational Irony.
What happens is different from what's expected to happen.
Define Verbal Irony.
When the words a character says actually imply something else.
An idea that recurs in or pervades a work of art or literature.
Any recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story
A character's thoughts out loud; a long speech in which only the audience can hear.
A short speech directed only to the audience or to specified characters.
Define Comic Relief.
Comic episodes in a dramatic or literary work that offset more serious sections. (A funny part meant to relieve stress from the audience after a particularly stressful scene)
A comparison using "like" or "as"
A comparison between two things without using like or as.
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices.
a statement that contradicts itself
The conscious effort to shape public opinion toward a certain ideological position.
Define Glittering Generalities.
Using specific, positive language or phrases that people can not possibly argue against, to persuade the audience to believe a specific idea.
Give some examples of Glittering Generalities.
True or False: Glittering Generalities are ALWAYS positive.
Making a statement that is impossible to be measured. (Louisiana is the best state in the world!)
Define Pinpointing the Enemy.
The use of derogatory images or words that carry a negative connotation when describing an enemy or opponent.
Define Emotive Language/Images.
The use of powerful words, phrases, or images that evoke specific emotions within the target audience to persuade them through emotion as opposed to logic.
What are some examples of Emotive Language/Images?
-Use of Children
-Attention grabbing headlines
Distortions of truth that OVERLY SIMPLIFY a complicated situation.
Simplification can result in the formation of stereotypical images which are often distortions of the truth and which can lead to opinions based on prejudice. Give an example of what could cause this.
Throwing around the term "terrorist" loosely.
Define False Dilemma.
A propaganda technique in which something is falsely claimed to be an "either/or" situation, when in fact there is at least one additional option.
Define Card Stacking.
Cherry picking facts that support your side to give an unfair advantage to one POV.
Define Plain Folks.
The speaker presents her or himself as an average Joe - a common person who can understand and empathize with a listener's concerns.
Define Inclusive Language.
Inclusive Language aims to avoid offense and fulfill the ideals of egalitarianism by avoiding expressions that express or imply ideas that are sexist, racist, or otherwise biased, prejudiced, or denigrating to any particular group of people
Define Exclusive Language.
Language that uses words specifically chosen with the intent to exclude an individual or a group.
The credibility of the speaker/building trust (credibility, trust)
Emotional appeal (fear, emotions, values)
Logical appeal (Facts, statistics, logic, proof, reason)
What is a primary source? Give examples.
An artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study.
What is a secondary source? Give examples.
A document or recording that relates or discusses information originally presented elsewhere.
What are the parts of a thesis statement?
What, Why/How, So What.
In a thesis statement, what does the "What" contain?
the critical lens you are focusing on, symbols you are focusing on, an important literary technique by the authors, or language technique you want to focus on. Either it's a lens or a technique.
In a thesis statement, what does the "Why/How" do?
Creates some meaning / explains how your "What" works specifically. Some examples given for the What could actually work as part of your Why/How if you choose to.
In a thesis statement, what does the "So What" contain?
Author's purpose for your folk tale, significance of your folk tale in terms of morals, impact of your folk tale on your country's culture, hidden meaning of your folk tale in terms of historical significance, etc.
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