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12 terms

CET I - 101.04: Hardware - Central Processing Unit (CPU)

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ALU
Arithmetic Logic Unit; the portion of a CPU that is responsible for intensive mathematical calculations.
AMD
Advanced Micro Devices; company responsible for manufacturing Phenom, Athlon, Duron, Sempron, Opteron, and Turion processors.
Back-Side Bus
High speed connection between CPU and cache memory
Cache
Specialized memory residing on-board the processor or processor packaging that stores the information just used by the CPU in an effort to predict what the processor will need next
Clock speed
Same as clock rate; this is the maximum speed a CPU can process data per second
Clock Multiplier
Quartz crystal on the motherboard that sets the clock rate for the motherboard and CPU
CPU
Central Processing Unit; the brains of the computer.
FSB
Front side bus, high speed connections between CPU and RAM
Hypertheading
Intel technology that combines two processing threads together allowing a single processing core process two threads at one time.
Intel
Company responsible for manufacturing Pentium, Celeron, Core, Xeon and Atom CPU chips
Multi-core
CPU chips that contain more than one processing core in a single package die
SRAM
Static Random Access Memory; the type of memory that does not need to be refreshed and that cache memory is made out of.