Grade 6 Constitution Study Guide
Terms in this set (56)
The Articles of Confederation
provided for a weak national government.
The Articles of Confederation gave Congress
no power to tax or regulate commerce among states.
The Articles of Confederation provided
for no common currency.
The Articles of Confederation gave each state
one vote regardless of size.
The Articles of Confederation provided for no
executive or judicial branch.
The Three Branches of Government are
the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch.
The function of the Legislative Branch is to
make the laws.
The function of the Executive Branch is to
carry out the law.
The function of the Judicial Branch is to
to determine if laws made by Congress are constitutional.
The Legislative Branch of government is called
Congress is a two-house legislature comprised of
the Senate and the House of Representatives.
In the Senate
all the STATES are represented equally with two members per state.
In the House of Representatives
all the PEOPLE are represented equally, with member numbers based on the population of each state.
The Judicial Branch of government is headed by
the Supreme Court.
The Executive Branch of government is headed by
"Checks and Balances" means
each branch of government can check the power of the others, thereby keeping the others from gaining too much power.
The Bill of Rights was written by
The Bill of Rights is composed of
the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
The Bill of Rights provides
a written guarantee of individual rights, such as freedom of religion and freedom of speech.
The Bill of Rights was based on
the Virginia Declaration of Rights (George Mason), and the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (Thomas Jefferson).
Federal System of Government
system that divides governmental powers between national government and the governments of the states.
James Madison's plan which called for three separate branches of government, with representation in Congress to be based on state population.
New Jersey Plan
a plan in which representation in Congress would be equal (one state = one vote)
changes to the Constitution
when the President refuses to sign/approve a piece of legislation
introductory paragraph to the Constitution
a plan in which Congress would include a House of Representatives (number based on state's population and elected by the voters) and a Senate (two from each state, and elected by the State's legislature).
Three Fifths Compromise
a plan in which states could count every slave as three-fifths of a person for population purposes
Father of the Constitution
President of the Constitutional Convention
In the time of the creation of the Constitution, the two main political parties were
the Federalists and the Democratic Republicans.
Alexander Hamilton was the leader of
Alexander Hamilton favored a strong
Alexander Hamilton favored limits on
Alexander Hamilton favored development of industry on a
To help the development of industry and manage the finances of a nation, Alexander Hamilton favored the formation of
a national bank
Thomas Jefferson was the leader of
the Democratic Republicans
Thomas Jefferson favored a
weak national government
Thomas Jefferson supported
Thomas Jefferson opposed the formation of a national bank because
he opposed a strong centralized government
first President of the United States
George Washington saw the establishment of
the Federal Court system
George Washington saw political parties grow out of
disagreements between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson over the proper role of the government
George Washington saw the Bill of Rights added to
the Constitution of the United States
George Washington saw that plans were initiated for
development of the national capital in Washington, D.C.
second President of the United States
John Adams saw the emergence of
the Two Party System
third President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson oversaw the
Louisiana Purchase (the purchase of Louisiana from France)
Thomas Jefferson had Lewis and Clark
explore the new land west of the Mississippi River
fourth President of the United States
James Madison saw the War of 1812 cause
European nations to gain respect for the United States
fifth President of the United States
James Monroe introduced the
Monroe Doctrine warning European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere