Introduction to Earth Science
Terms in this set (36)
The study of the earth
The study of the ocean
The study of the universe
Atmosphere / Wind movement & weather
In and on the earth
origin of the earth
List the sciences traditionally included in Earth science?
Geology, Oceanography, Astronomy, Meteorology, Physical geology, Historical geology
What are two types of resources?
Renewable and non-renewable
Can be replenished in a fairly brief period of time.
(plants, energy from wind and water)
Does not renew fast enough for economic use in a lifetime.
(metals and fossil fuels)
1) Raise a question
2) Collect facts
3) Develop a hypothesis
4) Construct experiments to validate
5) Except or reject hypothesis
6) Share your results of hypothesis
Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Atmosphere, Biosphere
Solid earth: crust, mantel, core
A dynamic mass of water - always moving
Blanket of air that thins as distance above earth increses
Life on earth/ all living matter
Thin outer crust
Solid / Rocky
Inner: solid ball
Outer: pool of hot liquid metal
Our nearest galaxy
Rigid, brittle outer layer
"Plastic" layer: due to heat/pressure
Examines the materials composing the earth is?
The Grand Canyon is an example of?
The earths history is recorded in the __________?
area surrounding us - water, air, rock, and soil.
water, soil, minerals, and energy
Principal of uniformitarianism
The present is the key to the past.
By directional (stream)
ripple marks on the beach shows the different current patterns.
Graphite can be used for?
writing and a lubricant (locks)
Natural hazards: earth quakes, landslides, and flodding
_____ of earth water is found in the ocean.
Oceans cover ______ of the earths surface.
___ of hydrosphere includes fresh water found in streams, lakes, glaciers, and groundwater.
Theory that explains a large number of interrelated aspects of the natural world?