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bones of pectoral girdle

clavicle and scapulla

bones of the upper limb

humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges



sternoclavicular joint

articulates with manubrium of the sternum


shoulder blade

acromion process

articulates with lateral end of clavicle, shoulder muscle attachment

glenoid cavity

articulates with the head of the humerus

coracoid process

muscle attachment, chest and shoulder


raised ridge, back muscle attachment

acromioclavicular (AC) joint

lateral end of clavicle, acromion of the scapula

seperated shoulder

AC joint is seperated from strain or lifting something


upper arm

head of humerus

articulates with glenoid cavity of the scapula

greater tubercle

bump area for shoulder muscle attachment

deltoid tuberosity

deltoid muscle attachment


lateral condyle, articulates with head of the radius


medial condyle, articulates with the ulna

glenoscapular/humeroscapular joint

head of humerus and glenoid cavity of scapulla


pinky side,medial bone

olecranon process

forms the elbow, hinge joint, tricep muscle attachment

trochlear notch

notch on the inside, articulates with the trochlea of the nucleus

proximal radioulnar joint

head of the radius articulates with the ulna

head of ulna

articulates with radius and carpals


thumb side, lateral bone, in forearm

head of radius

articulates with ulna, articulates with capitulum of humerus

radial tuberosity

medial side of radius, bicep muscle attachment

styloid process

wrist muscle attachment

distal radioulnar joint

radius articulates with the head of the ulna

carpals, metacarpals, phalanges

bones in the hands







8 carpals

hamate, pisiform, triquetral, lunate, trapezoid, trapezium, scaphoid, capitate


closest to the midline


in the middle


at the top


how to label the finger positions

carpal tunnel

nerves and ligaments in between carpal bones get pinched, numbness and pain

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