32 terms

Stanley - American History Ch. 2

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Sugar Act
halved the duty on foreign made molasses, hoping that Colonists would pay the lower duty instead of smuggling
Stamp Act
passed by Parliament in 1765, imposed a tax on documents like wills, newspapers, and playing cards
Minutemen
civilian soldiers who pledged to be ready to fight the British on a minute's notice
Thomas Paine
author of the huge influence on the public opinion of the colonists in this 50 page pamphlet titled Common Sense
Loyalists
those who opposed independence and remained loyal to the British King
Patriots
the supporters of the independence
Saratoga
one of the most important events of the war, finally made the French believe that the Americans could win the war
Inflation
rising prices
Marquis de Lafayette
French military leader who arrived to help train the Continental Army
Yorktown
where Cornwallis surrendered and the Americans had defeated the British
Egalitarianism
a belief in the equality of all people
Republic
a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives
Articles of Confederation
established form of government called an alliance among the 13 states
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
where Congress provided a procedure for dividing the land into no fewer than 3 and no more than 5 states, this also set standards for admission of new states
Three-Fifths Compromise
called for three-fifths of a state's slaves to be counted as part of the population
Federalism
in which power is divided between a national government and several state governments
Federalists
those who supported the Constitution
Antifederalists
those were against the Constitution and having such a strong central government
Bill of Rights
10 amendments to the Constitution
Judiciary Act of 1789
provided for a Supreme Court and district courts, it allowed state court decisions to be appealed to a federal court when constitutional issues were raised
Alien and Sedition Act
raised resident requirement for american citizenship from 5-14 years
Democratic-Republicans
supported Jefferson's views of strong state governments, mostly southerners
9th and 10th amendments to the Constitution
impose limits on the powers of the federal government
Legislative branch
make laws
Judicial Branch
interpret the laws and settle legal disputes
Executive Branch
carry out the laws
John Adams
who the federalists nominated and who became president
Alexander Hamilton
secretary of the treasury
Commander of the Continental Army
GEORGE WASHINGTON
What does each amendment declare?
1) freedom of religion, speech the press, political activity
2-3) declared the citizens rights to bear arm
4) prevents the search of a citizen's home without proper warrants
5-8) guarantees fair treatment for individuals accused of crimes
9-10) impose limits on the powers of the federal government
Virginia Plan
called for a two house legislature with membership based on each state's population (small states objected)
What did Jefferson's Declaration include?
Declared the right of "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
Declared a government's legitimate power can only come from the consent of the power.
Declared all men are equal "only white men."
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