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type of fibrous joint that is rigid, interlocking joints containing short connective tissue fibers
type of joint that a bar or plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones, all are synarthrotic
type of joint that hyaline cartilage covers the articulating surfaces and is fused to an intervening pad of fibrocartilage
opposition of the thumb
movement in the saddle joint so that the thumb touches the tips of the other fingers
rounded end of one bone conforms to a "sleeve," or ring of another bone, uniaxial movement only
biaxial, allow greater freedom of movement than condyloid joints, each articular surface has both concave and convex areas
anterior and posterior curciate ligaments, prevent anterior-posterior displacement
provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.
A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of
movement is a _______
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where
friction develops are called ________.
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the
movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ________.
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with ________.
It contains hyaluronic acid
Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following
statements is true about this fluid?
cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?
Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
Which of the following is a true statement regarding gliding movements?
What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane
rare because of the ligament reinforcement
Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are ________.
medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. Which of the ligaments is
(are) damaged as a result
Which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of
excessive blood levels of uric acid deposited as crystals in the soft tissue joints
What can cause gouty arthritis?
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are
characteristics of what type of joint?
lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements
Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include ________.
They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
Which of the following statements best describes angular movements?
The trapezium of the carpal bone and the thumb's metacarpal.
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Name the two bones of the hand that
articulate to form a saddle joint.
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