A group of lines forming a section within a poem; similar to a paragraph in an essay.
A four-line stanza in a poem.
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis.
In writing, a movement from one thought or idea to another; a change.
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people, transmitted orally.
A plot structure in which events occur in chronological order.
A plot sequence in which events are not told in the order in which they occurred.
An explanation or interpretation.
A feeling of uncertainty and curiosity about what will happen next in a story; a key element in fiction and drama; a "hook" a writer uses to keep the audience interested.
Attitudes of the author as revealed by his or her linguistic choices (diction, syntax, rhetorical devices).
The atmosphere an author creates with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.
A contrast between expectation and reality.
A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else.
A speaker or writer's choice of words (formal, informal, colloquial, full of slang, poetic, ornate, plain, abstract, concrete, etc.); has a powerful effect on tone.
How the author arranges words in phrases and sentences.
Strategies the author uses to improve the effectiveness, clarity, and enjoyment of his/her writing.
A quality in writing, speech, or image that evokes pity or sadness.
The historical period that shapes a work of literature and allows the reader to understand important issues in a given time period.
The act of creating and developing a character.
The author directly states a character's traits.
The character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others.
Point of view
The perspective from which a story is told: 1st person (I), 2nd person (you), 3rd person (he, she, they). 3rd person can be limited (video camera view) or omniscient ("God's" perspective - we know everything, including every character's thoughts).
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste).
A message about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader.
Write notes in the margins (on the sides) of a reading selection. These notes might include summaries, inferences, analysis of symbolism, connections to other things you've seen and read, agreement or disagreement (and why), and so on.
A guide for judgment or scoring; a description of expectations.