28 terms

Pre-AP English 1 Flashcards

Academic vocabulary you need to know.
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Narrative poem
A poem that tells a story.
Stanza
A group of lines forming a section within a poem; similar to a paragraph in an essay.
Quatrain
A four-line stanza in a poem.
Repetition
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis.
Shift
In writing, a movement from one thought or idea to another; a change.
Foreshadowing
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
Folklore
The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people, transmitted orally.
Linear plot
A plot structure in which events occur in chronological order.
Non-linear plot
A plot sequence in which events are not told in the order in which they occurred.
Commentary
An explanation or interpretation.
Suspense
A feeling of uncertainty and curiosity about what will happen next in a story; a key element in fiction and drama; a "hook" a writer uses to keep the audience interested.
Tone
Attitudes of the author as revealed by his or her linguistic choices (diction, syntax, rhetorical devices).
Mood
The atmosphere an author creates with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.
Irony
A contrast between expectation and reality.
Symbolism
A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else.
Diction
A speaker or writer's choice of words (formal, informal, colloquial, full of slang, poetic, ornate, plain, abstract, concrete, etc.); has a powerful effect on tone.
Syntax
How the author arranges words in phrases and sentences.
Rhetorical devices
Strategies the author uses to improve the effectiveness, clarity, and enjoyment of his/her writing.
Pathos
A quality in writing, speech, or image that evokes pity or sadness.
Historical context
The historical period that shapes a work of literature and allows the reader to understand important issues in a given time period.
Characterization
The act of creating and developing a character.
Direct characterization
The author directly states a character's traits.
Indirect characterization
The character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others.
Point of view
The perspective from which a story is told: 1st person (I), 2nd person (you), 3rd person (he, she, they). 3rd person can be limited (video camera view) or omniscient ("God's" perspective - we know everything, including every character's thoughts).
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste).
Theme
A message about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader.
Annotate
Write notes in the margins (on the sides) of a reading selection. These notes might include summaries, inferences, analysis of symbolism, connections to other things you've seen and read, agreement or disagreement (and why), and so on.
Rubric
A guide for judgment or scoring; a description of expectations.
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