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This first memory stage holds sensory information. It has a relatively large capacity, but duration is only a few seconds
This second memory stage temporarily stores sensory information and decides whether to send it on to long-term. Its capacity is limited to five to nine items, and its duration is about 30 seconds
This third memory stage stores information for long periods. Its capacity is limitless; its duration is relativly permanent
The subsystem within long-term memory that consciously stores facts, information, and personal life experiences
The subsystem within long-term memory that consists of unconscious procdural skills, simple classically conditioned responses and priming
The process of linking new information to previously stored material, the immediate goal is to understand not memorize
A clue or prompt that helps stimulate recall and retrieval of a stored piece of information from long-term memory
encoding specificity principle
Retrieval of information is improved when the conditions of recovery are similar to the conditions that existed when the information was encoded
Long-lasting increase in neural excitability believed to be a biological mechanism for learning and memory
traditional three-stage memory model
the model that has three different storage boxes or memory stages that hold and process information (sensory, short, and long term memory)
Is most often permanent memory loss, but patients have implicit/nondeclarative tasks. old memerioes are ok, and can't form new memories
Occurs when new information (such as one's new phone number) interferes with the old information (such as one's former number)
Occurs when old information interferes with new information (calling a new partner by an old partner's name)
The feeling that at any second, a word or event you are trying to remember and perhaps can almost remember will pop out from the "- - - -."
serial position effect
When one remebers a list of words to learn and recalls the words at the beginning (primary) and the end of the list (recency)
When you dismiss unreliable information for reliable information, then forget that reliable information and then you go back to the unreliable information and is no longer discounted
When you cramm for a test, time spent learning is massed into long, unbroken intervals
The supposed unconscious coping mechanism by which we prevent anxiety-provoking thoughts form reaching consciousness
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