35 terms

Asia's Classical Age Chapter 7 Less1 Aryans

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Terms in this set (...)

migration
to move from place to place
varna
social class
caste system
group of people within a social class
Brahmans
Indians high class consisting of priests and scholars
Hinduism
religion of the Indian people that teaches how to live many lives until reaching spiritual perfection
reincarnation
belief that your soul returns in another body
Moksha
highest position to be reincarnated to
Vegeterian
someone who does not eat meat
Sanskrit
Indian language
Vedas
holy books that were created in 1000 BC
Siddhartha Gautama
founded Buddhism, known as Buddha
enlightenment
to seek complete understanding of the truth
Jainism
religion based in the belief that every living being has a soul and a temporary physical body
nonviolence
use of peaceful ways to bring change
nirvana
state of complete bliss
Buddhism
religion based on Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path
rajahs
Indian princes
Chandragupta
a strict ruler who united many lands under the Maurya Empire
Ashoka
Chandragupta's grandson and emperor who change his views on ruling an empire from strict to nonviolence
turning point
a single event that causes important changes
edicts
a decree or command
missionary
someone who is sent to teach others his/her religion
Faxian
a Chinese Buddhist monk who wrote the book Fo Kuo Chi, about the Gupta Empire
fresco
picture painted on wet plaster
Gupta Empire
called "India's Classical Age" which was a time of many achievements in art, literature, medicine, and mathematics
Zhou Dynasty
China's longest ruling dynasty, set up 3 social classes
peasants
common people who farmes the land
feudalism
the political system of exchanging land for loyalty and protection
philosopher
Confucius, a great thinker who spent much of his life thinking of ways to improve life in China
filial piety
fulfilling one's duty to one's parents by being respectful to them
Legalism
taught people to obey out of fear
bureaucracy
a network of appointed government officials
Shi Huangdi
emperor responsible for the Great Wall of China and the Clay Army
Daoism
religion that teaches that the key
to long life and happiness is to accept life as it is
Silk Road
a trade road that linked China with Europe