11 terms

GCSE Coastal Erosion Landforms

From www.coolgeography.co.uk
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Stack
A vertical column of rock next to a cliff
Stump
A low lying notch of land that used to be linked to the coastline, covered at high tide
Arch
A section of coastline where a stack is connected to the coastline
Cave
A hollow in a cliff face with a back wall
Cliff
A vertical continuous wall of rock on the coastline
Wave cut notch
A curved groove at the base of a cliff
Wave cut platform
A flat area of rock in front of a cliff created by cliff retreat
Bay
A weaker band of rock that indents the coastline
Headland
A resistant rock band that juts out into the sea
Discordant coastline
Where rocks along a coastline run in bands at right angles to the direction of wave attack
Differential Erosion
Process where soft rock erodes faster than hard rock shaping the landscape.