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Terms in this set (27)
336 BC, was an ancient Greek king of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336. He was the father of Alexander the Great.
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Persian king who put satraps in place and built the Royal Road
an alliance headed by Athens that says that all Greek city-states will come together and help fight the Persians
the capital and largest city of Greece
A powerful Greek miliary polis that was often at war with Athens. Used slaves known as helots to provide agricultural labor.
A series of wars between the Greeks (mainly Athens) and the Persians in which the Greeks were usually victorious.
Conflict between Athens and Sparta
A military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
Greek male, landowner. Has the right to vote.
Belief in many gods
Stories that portray Greek Gods and goddesses
King of the gods
Son of Zeus
God of the underworld
God of the sun
government by the people
A government ruled by a few powerful people
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
a group of citizens, in an ancient Greek democracy, with the power to pass laws
A government ruled by a king or queen
A city-state in ancient Greece.
An ancient city in central Greece, in Phocis: site of an oracle of Apollo
a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians
enslaved people in ancient Sparta
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