APWH Chapters 9-11
Terms in this set (53)
The significance of the Byzantine Empire included all of the following except
the empire's conquest of the Ottoman Empire and its inclusion of all of the Middle East.
Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the cultural influence of the Byzantine Empire?
Ultimately, the empire's most important stepchild was Russia.
The capital of the Byzantine Empire and its commercial center was located at
The Byzantine Empire began
in the 4th century C.E., with the founding of Constantinople.
The great church built by Justinian was
the Hagia Sophia.
From the reign of Justinian, the official language of the eastern empire was
Which of the following represents one of Justinian's positive accomplishments?
systematizing of the Roman legal code
the Byzantine general responsible for much of the military success during Justinian's reign.
Which of the following was a result of Justinian's wars of reconquest?
weakening of the empire's defenses on its eastern frontiers with the Persians
Which of the following was a result of the conflict between the Byzantine Empire and the Arab Muslims?
The position of the small farmers in the empire was weakened as a result of heavy taxation, resulting in greater aristocratic estates.
What people provided the most serious challenge to Byzantine authority in the Balkan peninsula?
The military force of the Byzantine Empire
was recruited from peasants of the empire in return for grants of heritable land.
Which of the following statements concerning urbanization in the Byzantine Empire is not accurate?
Like China, the Byzantine Empire was heavily urbanized with many cities numbering more than 100,000.
Images of religious objects venerated as part of the religious practices of the Orthodox Church were called
Cyril and Methodius were responsible for what accomplishment?
the creation of a written script for the Slavic language
Who was Rurik?
the legendary Scandinavian who became the first king of Kievan Rus'
When did Constantinople fall to the Turks?
How did the spread of Christianity affect the polytheistic religions already extant in northern Europe?
Conversion produced a religious amalgam of Christianity and beliefs in magic and supernatural spirits.
Following the fall of Rome, where was the center of the postclassical West?
in France, the Low Countries, and Germany.
Manorialism was the system that
described economic and political relations between landlords and their peasant laborers.
One of the few technological innovations of the Middle Ages was a plow that permitted deeper cultivation of the soil called the
Which of the following statements concerning the manorial system is not true?
It was technologically sophisticated.
Clovis was the Frankish king responsible for the
conversion of his people to Christianity.
What monk was responsible for the creation of a set of rules for Western monasteries in the sixth century?
Benedict of Nursia
What Frankish monarch was able to establish a substantial empire in 800?
What political unit attempted to retain the title of emperor following the disintegration of the Carolingian Empire by the tenth century?
Holy Roman Empire
Where was the greatest concentration of urbanization after the tenth century?
Italy and the Low Countries
Which of the following was a result of the Crusades?
The Crusades helped to open the West to new cultural and economic influences from the Middle East.
The practice of state appointment of bishops led to the
How did the intellectual endeavors of medieval scholars differ before and after 1000?
Before 1000 scholars were limited to copying ancient texts, but after 1000 a greater synthesis of rationalism and theology was achieved.
Thomas Aquinas was the medieval scholar who
created the greatest synthesis of classical rational philosophy and Christian theology.
Which of the following developments was not a result of the improved economy of the High Middle Ages?
Conflicts between peasants and landlords became rare, if they did not disappear completely.
What institutions were responsible for the regulation of apprenticeship, guarantee of good workmanship, and limitation of admission to various occupations?
Which of the following was not true of women's experience in the Middle Ages?
Women led religious services.
During the postclassical period, societies in the Americas
remained entirely separate from those of the Old World.
The Toltecs established their capital in central Mexico around
What civilization did the Toltecs succeed in central Mexico?
After the sack of Tula, the center of population and political power in Mexico shifted to
the valley of Mexico and the shores of a chain of lakes in that basin.
What civilization did the Aztecs succeed in central Mexico?
What form of government was the basis for the imperial structure of the Aztecs during their first settlement in the valley of Mexico?
What was the capital of the Aztec empire?
In 1434, the Aztecs
formed a triple alliance with two other cities.
What was the impact of expansion and conquest on the Aztec social system?
From a loose association of clans, Aztec society became a stratified society.
Which of the following was not a deity worshipped by the Aztecs?
What was the significance of the god Huitzilopochtli?
He was the patron god of the Aztecs most closely associated with the cult of human sacrifice.
Chinampas were the
"floating islands" utilized for intensive agricultural production.
What was the nature of the Aztec administration of subject territories?
Conquered territories were often left relatively unchanged under their old rulers as long as they recognized Aztec supremacy and paid tribute.
Which of the following views can be associated with the concept of "Inca socialism"?
The Inca empire was a carefully organized system in which every community collectively contributed to the whole and the state regulated the distribution of resources on the basis of need.
Following the decline of the horizon states of Tihuanaco and Huari,
a number of large states such as Chimor continued to be important.
Pachacuti was the
ruler associated with the first creation of the Inca empire in 1438.
What was the Inca practice of split inheritance?
All political power and titles went to the ruler's successor, but his wealth was kept in the hands of the male descendants to support the cult of the dead ruler's mummy.
Which of the following practices was common to the Aztec and the Inca empires?
a tribute system
Which of the following statements concerning the population of the Americas is most true?
The population of the Americas was probably close to contemporary Europe's excluding Russia.