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50 terms

Chapter 22

STUDY
PLAY
skin analysis and consultation
The preliminary parts of a facial treatment that determine the treatments to be performed are:
contraindications
The health screening performed prior to a facial treatmentis used by the technician to determine any:
referred to by physician
Clients with obivious skin abnormalities such as open sore, fever blisters, or abnormal-looking signs should be:
in an upward and outward movement.
When removing a cleanser from the eye area, it should be removed with damp facial sponges or cotton pads:
visible pores
When performing a skin analysis with a magnifying lamp, the first thing the technician should look for is the presence or absence of:
alipidic
If the client is not producing enough sebum, the skin type is characterized as:
dehydrated
Skin that has small pores and may be flaky or dry with fine lines and wrinkles is characerized as:
large pores
Oily skin or skin that produces too much sebum may appear shiny or gresy and have:
comedones
Pores tht are clogged from dead cells builidng up in the follicle may have the appearance or open:
ostium
The difference between closed and open comedones is the size of the follicle opening or the:
anaerobic
When the follicle becomes clogged, resulting in an infection of the follicle opening or the:
acne papules
Red pimples that do not have a pus head are referred to as:
hyperpigmentation
A skin condition caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalances resulting in dark blotches of color in areas of the skin is:
rosacea
A chronic hereditary disorder indicated by constant or frequent facial blushing is:
cleansing milk
A nonfoaming cleansing product that is designed to cleanse dry and sensitive skin is:
detergents
Cleansing products that foam and rinse off easily generally contain surfactants also known as:
toners
Skin products designed to lower the pH of skin after cleansing and remove excess cleansing product are fresheners, astringens, or
removing excess dead cells
Exfoliant products are used on skin surfaces to make the skin look smoother by:
stratuam corneum
Cosmetology professionals ae only allowed to used products that remove sruface dead cells for the:
alpha hydroxy acid
A gentle chemical exfoliation acid that helps dissolve the bonds and intercelluar cement between cells from the:
peel
A salon-type of alpha hydroxy acid exfoliant that contains a concentration of 20 to 30 percent acid is referred to as a:
keratolytic
A chemical exfoliant that works by dissolving keratin protein in the surface skin cells is known as an enzyme peel or:
gommage
An enzyme cream-type skin peel that forms a crust and is rolled off the skin is a:
hydrators
Moisturizers that increase the water content of the skin's surface witha product that is water-binding are know as:
emollient
A fatty or oily ingredient used to block moisture form leaving the skin is an:
UVB
Clients should be advised to use sunscreens that protect against both UVA and:
serums
Highly concentrated skin products applied under a moisturizer or sunscreen are:
massage cream
Lubicants applied to the face to make the skin slippery during a treatment are:
clay based
Soothing masks that have antibacterial ingredients and are helpful for acne-prone skin are:
cream mask
Masks that do not dry the skin and oftne contain oils and emollients as well as humectants are:
treatment cream
Paraffin used as a mask has no skin benefit unless mixed with an:
modledge mask
A plaster-like mask that, when mixed with water , causes a chemical reaction is known as a:
gauze
The thin, open-meshed, woven cotton fabric used in penetration of the mask application is:
massage
The term used to describe the manual or mechanical manipulation of the body is:
anatomy and physiology
To master massage techniques, the cosmetologist should have a basic working knowledge of:
toward its orgin
The direction of movement in massage techniques should always be from the insertion of the muscle:
efflerage
The massage movement that is a light continuous stroking movement with the fingers in a slow rhytmic manner:
petrissage
The kneading massage movement performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing the tissue with ligh, firm pressure is:
circulation and glandular activity of the skin
The deep rubbing of friction massage movements on the skin has been known to have a significant effect on the:
tapotement
The most stimulating type of massage that should be performed using extreme care and discretion is:
motor point
The point on the sin over the muscle where pressue and stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle is referred to as the:
follicle accumulations
A sinificant benefit of a facial steamer that heats and produces stem is the the steam produced will soften and relax:
fairly thick layer of cleanser or moisturizer
When using the brushing machine to perform an exfoliation, the skin should be treated with an:
noninflamed skin
The skin suction and cold spray machine is used to increase circulation and should be used only on nonsensitive or:
electotherapy
The use of electirc currents to treat the skin is a form of:
desincrustation
The process of softening and emulsifying harden sebum stuck in the follicles is called:
iontophoresis
Water-solube products are penetrated into the skin using galvanic current and a process called:
microcurrent
A galvanic treatment using a computerized device to tone skin adn produce a lifting effect on aging skin is:
aromatherapy
the therapeutic use of essential oils to enhance a person's physical and emotional well-being is:
prescription medications
After the first treatment, every new client should be provided with a thorough consultation that consists of salon treatment porgrams, education, and: