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4,759 terms

Barrons GRE Wordlist 4,759 words

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abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
abash
embarrass
abate
subside or moderate
abbreviate
shorten
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
abeyance
suspended action
abhor
detest; hate
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
abjure
renounce upon oath
ablution
washing
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
abolish
cancel; put an end to
abominate
loathe; hate
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
abridge
condense or shorten
abrogate
abolish
abscission
cutting off; separation
abscond
depart secretly and hide
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
absolve
pardon (an offense)
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one's vote
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
abut
border upon; adjoin
abysmal
bottomless
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
accede
agree
accelerate
move faster
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
accomplice
partner in crime
accord
agreement
accost
approach and speak first to a person
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
acetic
vinegary
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
acknowledge
recognize; admit
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
acrophobia
fear of heights
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
adage
wise saying; proverb
proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
adamant
hard; inflexible
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
addiction
compulsive habitual need
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one's efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
adept
expert at; very skilled
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
adherent
supporter; follower
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
adorn
decorate
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
advent
arrival
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
adversary
opponent; enemy
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
advert
refer
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
aegis
shield; protection; defense
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
affected
artificial; pretended
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
affiliation
joining; associating with
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
affluence
abundance; wealth
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
agape
openmouthed
agenda
items of business at a meeting
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
agitate
stir up; disturb
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
alchemy
medieval chemistry
alcove
nook; recess
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
alimentary
supplying nourishment
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
allay
calm; pacify
allege
state without proof
allegiance
loyalty
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
alleviate
relieve (pain)
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
allure
entice; attract; tempt
siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
aloof
apart; not open in one's relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
aloft
upward; high up in the air
altercation
noisy quarrel
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
amazon
female warrior
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
ambrosia
food of the gods
nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
ambulatory
able to walk
ameliorate
improve
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
amnesia
loss of memory
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one's remarks with a graph
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
analogous
comparable; similar
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
animated
lively; spirited
animosity
active enmity
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
annihilate
destroy
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
annuity
yearly allowance
annul
make void
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
anomaly
irregularity
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
antecede
precede
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
apiary
a place where bees are kept
hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
apiculture
bee-keeping
apiarist
person who keeps bees
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
appall
dismay; shock deeply
apparition
ghost; phantom
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
appellation
name; title
append
attach
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
apposite
appropriate; fitting
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
apprise
inform
approbation
approval
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one's own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
aptitude
fitness; talent
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
arboreal
of or living in trees
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
archipelago
group of closely located islands
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
armada
fleet of warships
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
arraign
charge in court; indict
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one's own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
artifice
deception; trickery
artisan
a manually skilled worker
artless
without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
aspirant
seeker after position or status
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
assail
assault
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
assiduous
diligent
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
asteroid
small planet
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
astral
relating to the stars
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one's advantage
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
attenuate
make thin; weaken
attest
testify; bear witness
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
atypical
not normal; not typical
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
augment
increase; add to
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
august
impressive; majestic
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
authenticate
prove genuine
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
avarice
greediness for wealth
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
aver
state confidently; declare as true
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
aversion
firm dislike
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
avuncular
of or like an uncle
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
awful
terrible; very bad
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
azure
sky blue
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
bacchanalian
drunken
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
baffle
frustrate; perplex
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
bard
poet
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
unregenerate
making no attempt to change one's bad practices
baroque
highly ornate
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
beeline
direct quick route
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
belated
delayed
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
belittle
disparage; depreciate
bellicose
warlike
belligerent
quarrelsome
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
benediction
blessing
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
beneficent
kindly; doing good
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
benison
blessing
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
berate
scold strongly
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
beseech
beg; plead with
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
bestow
confer
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
betroth
become engaged to marry
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
bicker
quarrel
biennial
every two years
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one's own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
bilk
swindle; cheat
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
blandishment
flattery
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
blasé
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
blunder
error; stupid mistake
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
bode
foreshadow; portend
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
bolster
support; reinforce
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
gobble
eat very quickly
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
boorish
rude; insensitive
boor
rude, insensitive person
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
brackish
somewhat saline
braggadocio
boasting
brag
boast
braggart
boaster; bragger
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
brawl
noisy quarrel
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
breadth
width; extent
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
tawny
brownish yellow
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
brochure
pamphlet
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
clasp
hold firmly within arms
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
browbeat
bully; intimidate
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
buccaneer
pirate
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
buffoonery
clowning
buffoon
stupid person; clown
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
botch
mismanage; blow
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
prop
support placed under or against something; V.
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
hiding place; V.
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
coax
persuade by flattery
calamity
disaster; misery
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
callus
area of thick hard skin
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
canine
related to dogs; doglike
canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
canto
division of a long poem
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
capacious
spacious
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
captious
faultfinding; too critical
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one's opinion; N.
caricature
distortion; burlesque
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
cartographer
map-maker
cascade
small waterfall
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
catastrophe
calamity ; disaster
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
celerity
speed; rapidity
celestial
heavenly
hereafter
life after death
afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
censorious
severely critical
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
centripetal
tending toward the center
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
certitude
certainty
cessation
stoppage
cession
yielding to another; ceding
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
chaffing
bantering; joking
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
chaotic
in utter disorder
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
checkered (chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
chicanery
trickery; deception
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
chuckle
laugh quietly
chronic
long established as a disease
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
circuitous
roundabout
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
cistern
reservoir or water tank
citadel
fortress
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
clandestine
secret
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
clavicle
collarbone
scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
cleft
N: split
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
cliché
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clichéd
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
clientele
body of customers
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
clime
climate
clique
small exclusive group of people
cloister
monastery or convent
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
pudding
hot sweet dish
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
cogent
convincing
cogitate
think over; ponder
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
cohabit
live together
cohere
stick together
cohesion
tendency to keep together
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
coiffure
hairstyle
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
collage
work of art put together from fragments
scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
scraps
leftover food
scrappy
quarrelsome
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
collation
a light meal; collating
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
colossal
huge
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
homely
not good-looking; unattractive
comestible
something fit to be eaten
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
deserts
what someone deserves
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
commodious
spacious and comfortable
communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one's attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
compulsive
resulting from compulsion
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
compensatory
making up for; repaying
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
smug
self-satisfied; complacent
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
complementary
serving to complete something
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
component
element; ingredient
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
bearing
deportment; connection
composure
mental calmness
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
comprise
include; consist of
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one's principle; N.
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
compute
reckon; calculate
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
concatenate
link as in a chain
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
concentric
having a common center
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
concise
brief and compact
conclave
private secret meeting
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
concord
harmony; accord
concordat
formal agreement
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
condiments
seasonings; spices
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one's secret)
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one's abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
conflagration
great fire
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
confound
confuse; puzzle
congeal
freeze; coagulate
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
congenital
existing at birth
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
matrimony
state of being married
patrimony
property inherited from a father
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one's life to helping the poor
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
consonance
harmony; agreement
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
consternation
great shock; dismay
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
consummate
complete; V.
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
contaminate
pollute
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
contusion
bruise
bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
converse
opposite; ADJ.
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
convex
curving outward
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
copious
plentiful
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress;
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars)
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
correlation
mutual relationship
correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
crinkle
wrinkle
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
courier
messenger
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else's possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else's possessions)
cow
terrorize; intimidate
cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
craven
cowardly
credence
belief
credo
creed
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
crevice
crack; fissure
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
crone
hag; ugly old woman
crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
culmination
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
culprit
one guilty of a crime
culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
curtail
shorten; reduce
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
dappled
spotted
daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
dauntless
bold; fearless
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
dearth
scarcity
d\'eb\^acle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
kneel
go down on one's knee(s)
debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
d\'ebris
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
debut
d\'ebut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
decapitate
behead
decelerate
slow down
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
declivity
downward slope
d\'ecollet\'e
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
decoy
lure or bait; V.
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
deface
mar; disfigure
mar
spoil the appearance of
defame
harm someone's reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
defection
desertion
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
deft
neat; skillful
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
deign
condescend; stoop
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
delete
erase; strike out
deleterious
harmful
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
delude
deceive
deluge
flood; rush; V.
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
demeanor
behavior; bearing
demented
insane
demise
death
demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
demolition
destruction; V. demolish
demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
fiend
evil spirit; devil
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
denigrate
blacken; defame
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
d\'enouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
depict
portray
expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
deplete
reduce; exhaust
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
depredation
plundering; destruction
deranged
insane
institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
acne
skin disease (on the face)
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
desiccate
dry up
desolate
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
despise
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
deterrent
something that discourages or deters
detonation
explosion
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
devoid
empty; lacking
devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
devotee
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
diadem
crown
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
dichotomy
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
dilute
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
weary
tired after long work; V.
dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
discombobulated
discomposed; confused
discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
discrete
separate; unconnected
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
disgruntle
make discontented
dishearten
discourage
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
disinclination
unwillingness
disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
disparage
belittle
maneuver(manoeuver)
strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
dispirited
lacking in spirit
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissent
disagree
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
dissident
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
dissonance
discord
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
distend
expand; swell out
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
distort
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
distrait
absentminded; distracted
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
distract
take (one's attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
divulge
reveal
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
doff
take off; OP. don
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert's dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
doggerel
poor verse
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
domineer
rule over tyrannically
dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height
dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
don
put on; OP. doff
outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
droll
queer and amusing
queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
duration
length of time something lasts
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
dys-
abnormal; impaired
dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
edify
instruct; correct morally
edifice
building (of imposing size)
eerie
weird; causing fear because strange
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
effeminate
having womanly traits
emasculate
weaken; castrate
castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
egoism
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
ego
one's opinion of oneself; self-esteem
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
elusive
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
Elysium
place or condition of bliss
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
emanate
issue forth; come out
emancipate
set free; liberate
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
embezzlement
taking for one's own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one's care)
emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
encircle
surround
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
empathy
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another's feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
empirical
based on experience
emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another's possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
encumber
burden; N. encumbrance
endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
endorse
approve; support; write one's signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
endue
provide with some quality; endow
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
engaging
charming; attractive
engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
engross
occupy fully; absorb
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
enjoin
command; order; forbid
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
ensue
follow (as a result)
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
entity
real being
entomology
study of insects
entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one's physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
entree(entr\'ee)
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
enumerate
list; mention one by one
enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
epic
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
epoch
period of time
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
erotic
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
escapade
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
prank
mischievous trick
flighty
(esp. of a woman's behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
espionage
spying
espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
esteem
respect; value; judge; N.
estranged
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
ethnic
relating to races
ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death; V. eulogize
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
euthanasia
mercy killing
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
evince
show clearly
evenhanded
impartial; fair
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
evoke
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
ewe
female sheep
ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
exacting
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
treasure
keep as precious; cherish
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
exclaim
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
execrable
very bad; detestable
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will
executioner
person administering capital punishment
executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
judiciary
judicial branch of government
exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
exemplify
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
exertion
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
exhume
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
exiguous
small in amount; minute
existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
exorbitant
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
expedite
hasten; make go faster
expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
interjection
exclamation; Ex. "Ouch''
swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. "bloody''
oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. "For Christ's sake''
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
expository
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
expound
explain
expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
extol
praise very highly; glorify
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
mingle
mix together in close association
extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
exult
rejoice
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
facsimile
copy
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
fallible
liable to err
falsify
make (something written) false by changing
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
sow
plant or scatter seed
falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
fancied
imagined; unreal
fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
febrile
feverish
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
feign
pretend
feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
felon
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
figurative
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
filch
steal (things of small value)
pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
bust
piece of sculpture showing a person's head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
filing
particle removed by a file
finale
conclusion; concluding part
finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
finite
limited
firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
fissure
crevice; crack
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
flair
talent
flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
fledgling(fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
trickster
person who cheats people
flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
floe
flat mass of floating ice
flora
plants of a region or era
florescence
condition or period of flowering
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
flotsam
drifting wreckage
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
forebears(forbears)
ancestors
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
foresight
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form's sake; Ex. mere formality
formidable
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
menace
threat; V: threaten
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
forte
strong point or special talent in a person's character
forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
frail
weak; N. frailty
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one's own desire
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one's intentions
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
gaffe
social blunder
gainsay
deny
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; CF. gall bladder
gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
pinnace
small boat
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
gamut
entire range
gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
jumble
mix in a confused way
gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
garner
gather; store up; amass
garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
gaudy
flashy; showy
flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
generate
cause; produce; create
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
genesis
beginning; origin
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
genre
particular variety of art or literature
genteel
well-bred; elegant; striving to convey an appearance of refinement; Ex. genteel poverty
gentility
those of gentle birth; high social class; refinement; quality of being genteel
breed
produce young; rear; bring up; produce (an undesirable condition); N: kind or sort of animal or plant
crossbreed
hybridize; N: hybrid; CF. interbreed; CF. inbreed
well-bred
of good upbringing; well-mannered and refined
gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
gentle
kindly; soft; mild; of good family
genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
germ
earliest form of an organism; seed or bud; something that may develop into something larger or more important; microbe
germinate
cause to sprout; sprout
sprout
begin to grow; give off shoots or buds; N: new growth on a plant; shoot
shoot
new growth from a plant
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
geriatrics
medical treatment and care of old age
gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
natal
connected with birth; CF. prenatal; CF. postnatal
gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
ghastly
horrible; terrifying; resembling ghosts; CF. aghast
gibberish
nonsense; nonsensical or unintelligible talk or writing; babbling