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18 terms

Science 13.1 and 13.3

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Climate
the long term prevailing weather conditions at a particular place based on records taken.
latitude
the distance from the equator measured in degrees north or south of the equator
El nino
warm phase for 6-18 months in eastern pacific.
La nina
the cool phase in the eastern pacific.
Weather
the place of the atmosphere at a particular place at a particular moment.
oblique
slanting or inclined in direction. in northern and southern latitudes the sun hits the earth at oblique angles.
prevailing winds
wind that blows predominately in one direction throughout the year.
topography
precise detailed study of the surface features of a region
seasons
caused by Earths tilt.
ice cores
found in greenland. can tell when the ice froze.
greenhouse gases
the gases that absorb and radiate heat. examples:water vapor, carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, methane, and nitrous oxide.
greenhouse effect
the warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of the Earth due to the earths atmospheric gases getting trapped in the earths atmosphere.
global warming
the increasing temperature at the Earth's surface.
IPCC
intergovernmental panel on climate
Kyoto Protocol
requires developed countries to decrease emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by by an average of 5 percent below their 1990 levels by 2012.
atom
the basic unit of matter.
1st law of thermodynamics
no cold heat just moves.
3rd of thermodynamics
if all energy is removed absolute zero exists.