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Arts and Humanities
Cold War/Road to WWII Vocab Review
Terms in this set (33)
Conflict that began with communist northern invasion of southern country. US came to the aid of the south, which resulted in a stalemate, but continued tensions.
Supplied food and fuel to citizens of a surrounded city in Germany when the Soviets closed off access.
Alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country - originally to defend against the Soviet threat; includes US, England, France, Canada, and Western European countries
Attempt by the US to offer $13 billion in aid to western and Southern European countries to rebuild after WWII.
Executed for giving military and nuclear secrets to the Soviets in the 1950's, part of the espionage that was going on during the Cold War on both sides.
The downing of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union in 1960.
Britain and France attempted to seize control of the Suez canal from Egypt; caused an international incident due to Egypt's connections to the Soviet Union.
First artificial Earth satellite, it was launched by Moscow in 1957 and sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. It led to the creation of NASA and the space race.
Interstate Highway System
A network of roadways that connects all major cities in the US, originally designed to give troops faster routes to get to destinations across the US in the event of an attack.
CIA, covert action
Undercover intervention in foreign governments by the US during Eisenhower's presidency, which included overthrowing governments in Iran and Guatemala suspected of being Communist.
Bay of Pigs
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961, which was sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
A barrier separating the communist and non-communist halves of a city in East Germany built in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba.
Volunteer organization who helps third world nations and prevents the spread of communism by getting rid of poverty.
Alliance for Progress
Program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems, using money to aid their needs.
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for decades in proxy wars.
A political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition.
An agreement that gave Germany the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia in exchange for promises of no further aggression from Germany.
Annexation of Austria
Took place in March 1938 as an attempt to reintegrate all Germans into a single homeland. Europe's major powers Britain and France did nothing about it.
A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war. Associated with Neville Chamberlain's policy of making concessions to Adolf Hitler.
1941 law that authorized the president to aid any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security.
Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet. In response, the U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
Cash and Carry
Policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
Treaty of Versailles
Ended WWI ,blaming Germany for the war and handed down harsh punishments that crippled their economy.
Germany invaded here in 1939, breaking their agreement, so Britain and France declared war, starting World War II.
Name given to the fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland and Western Europe at the start of WWII.
Hitler took the rest of this country in 1938, breaking the promise he had made at the Munich Conference.
An act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving, used in the Cuban Missile Crisis.
An official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country, used against Japan in WWII.
Country invaded by Japan in the lead up to WWII. The Japanese wanted room to expand and access to China's resources.
Japan bombed a American gunboat that was trying to help Americans overseas. This greatly strained U.S-Japanese relations leading up to WWII.
A policy of remaining neutral in in the political affairs of other countries.
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland.
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