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ESL Certification Test
Terms in this set (30)
Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS)
The language ability needed for casual conversation. This usually applies to the interpersonal conversation skills of CLD students (i.e, playground language). It's everyday, straightforrward communication skills that are helped by contextual supports such as gestures.
(Congitive academic language learning approach) A methos of instruction that is grounded in the cognitive approach and focuses on the explicit instruction of learning strategies and the development of critical thinking as a means of acquiring deep levels of language proficiency.
(Cognitive academic language proficiency) the language ability needed for learning academic skills and concepts in situations in which contextual clues are not present and an abstract use of language is required.
Congitive academic language proficiency
The language ability needed for learning academic skills and concepts in situations in which contextual clues are not present and an abstract use of language is required.
Communicative Language Teaching
Stressing the importance of language as a tool for communicating information and ideas through teaching
The communicative approach assumes that language production contains an infinite number of possible language combinations, so memorizing patterns and rules does little to prepare language learners for authentic language use.
This, that, these, those, none and neither are examples.
A grammatical approach that focuses less on explicit instruction of grammar rules and structures and more on the repetition and memorization of language patterns.
Refers to programs in which native and non-native speakers of English work together, with all students learning content and language through two languages.
English as a Foreign Language
Individuals who are in the process of transitioning from a home or native language to English
( English as a Second Language) A programming model in which linguistically diverse students are instructed in the use of English as a means of communication and learning. This model is often used when native speakers of multiple first languages are present within the same classroom.
A type of on-going or in process evaluation that allows the teacher to evaluate the effectiveness of the lesson to ensure CLD student comprehension
Words that are pronounced in the same way as one or more other words, but is different in meaning and sometimes spelling, as are "hair" and "hare".
Refers to programs in which native and non-native speakers of English work together, with all students learning content and language through two languages
Krashen's Natural Approach
The notion of stages of second language acquisition is consistent with what Krashen has referred to as the natural order hypothesis
Lau vs. Nichols
Equal vs. Equitable treatment for ELL/CLD students
An individual who is in the process of acquiring English as his or her second language. (Limited English Proficient)
The study of how words are formed including aspect such as compounds, derivations, and so forth
National Association of Bilingual Education
This hypothesis asserts that language is acquired in a more or less natural order - a predictable sequence of progression
The study of sounds in speech, including their distribution and pronunciation
The study of the meaning in language; the analysis of the meaning of words, phrases, sentences
The first stage of the process of second language acquisition, the preproduction stage, is often called the silent period because the CLD students may not communicate during this period except in nonverbal ways.
Stages of second-language development
Preproduction, Early production, speech emergence, intermediate fluency, and advanced fluency
The pattern of structure of word order in sentences, clauses and phrases' the grammatical rules that govern language
Zone of proximal development
The area between the level of independent performance and the level of assisted performance.
Structured English Immersion
pulled out for structured instruction in english so that content in comprehensible
Submersion with primary language Support
Aids teacher in small group instruction. Uses L1 to support English content classes.
monolingual English instruction using ESL methods to teach oral and written English.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ESL Certification Prep
ESL TEXES Supplemental
ESL Certification Test 154
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