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64 terms

ch 12 anatomy central nervous system marieb/hoehn

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Afferent impulses from all senses and all parts of the body converge here and synapse with at least one of its nuclei.
thalamus
caudate nucleus
Part of the basal nuclei
auditory area
temporal lobe
Primary sensory cortex
Parietal Lobe
Somatic motor cortex
Frontal Lobe
Motor Speech Area
Frontal Lobe
Premotor area
Frontal Lobe
Visual area
Occipital Lobe
Language/speech comprehension
Temporal Lobe
Taste (gustatory) area
insula
Seat of intelligence, abstract reasoning
Frontal Lobe
A major relay station for sensory information ascending to primary sensory areas of the cerebral cortex. Contains many specialized nuclei.
Thalamus
This brain area associates experiences necessary for the production of abstract ideas, judgment, and conscience.
Prefrontal Area
The axons from this area form the major pyramidal tracts.
Primary motor Cortex
This area is the main visceral control center of the body.
Hypothalamus
Gateway to the cerebrum
Thalamus
Motor Commmand center
Cerebellum
Survival center
Brain Stem
Executive Suite
Cerebrum
Visceral command center
Hypothalamus
Petit mal seizures found in children go away with age
True
Specific motor and sensory functions are localized in specific areas called domains whereas memory and language have overlapping domains
true
A flat EEG is a good indication of deep sleep
False
cerebrospinal fluid circulates within the ventricles of the brain and in the subarachnoid space outside the brain.
true
The RAS is comprised of specific pathways primarily in the limbic system
False
The first obvious sign that the nervous system is forming in the embryo is the thickening of the surface ectoderm to form the neural plate
True
The left cerebral hemisphere is usually dominant
True
The limbic system acts as our emotional or affective brain
true
The canal connecting the third and fourth ventricles and running through the mid brain is the foramen of monro
false
commissural fibers form the corpus striatum
false
Projection fibers in the brain mainly connect the right and left hemispheres
false
Most of the ascending and descending pathways to and from the brain cross over from one side of the body to the otehr
true
one functional center found within the medulla oblongata is a respiratory center involved in the control of the rate and depth of breathing
true
sorting of sensory info and relaying it to the appropriate cerebral sensory area occurs in the hypothalamus
false
the abor vitae reffers to
cerebral white matter
the brainstem consists of the
midbrain, medulla and pons
the primary auditory cortex is located in the
temporal lobe
spinocerebellar tracts
carry proprioceptive inputs to the cerebellum
what cells line the ventricles of the brain
ependymal cells
the vital centers for the control of heart rate respiration and blood pressure are located in the
medulla
which fissure separates the cerebral hemispheres
longitudinal fissure
which of the following best describes the cerebrum
executive suite
a shallow groove on the surface of the cortex is called a
sulcus
which of the following generalizations does not describe the cerebral cortex
the hemispheres are exactly equal in function
if the posterior portion of the neural tube failed to develop properly the
spinal cord may be affected
the central sulcus separates which lobes
frontal from parietal
the hypothalmus
is the thermostat of the body because it regulates temperature
ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are called
gyri
the frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the
lateral sulcus
an individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the
visual association area
brocas area
is considered a motor speech area
which part of the cerebral cortex is involved in intellect cognition recall and personality
prefrontal cortex
the process of linking new facts with old facts already stored in the memory bank is called
consolidation
the brain area that regulates activities that control the state of wakefulness or alertness of the cerebral cortex is the
reticular formation
which of the following is not a funtion of the CSF
initiation of some nerve impulses
which of the following structures is probably not directly involved in memory
medulla
the area of the cortex that is responsible for sensations of the full bladder and the feeling that your lungs will burst when you hold your breath too long is the
visceral sensory area
white matter (myelinated fibers) is found in all of the following locations except the
cerebral cortex
loss of ability to perform skilled motor activites such as piano playing with no paralysis or weakness is specific muscles might suggest damage to the
premotor cortex
which brain waves are not normal for awake adults but are common for children
theta
the fourth ventricle is continuous with the
central canal
the large commissure that connects the right and left sides of the brain is called the
corpus callosum
the infundibulum connects the hypothalamus to the
pituitary gland
the _________includes the thalamus hypothalamus and the epithalamus
diencephalon