Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (50)
What is the beginning of a lightning bolt called?
What type of wind pattern starts with a high-pressure area, travels toward the equator, warms as it travels, and changes direction at about 60 latitude?
What is the name given to a wind that blows over the mountains, sinks on the other side, and produces warm winds?
Which instrument can measure temperature, pressure, and humidity?
Which type of cloud is in the low-level altitude and produces light but continuous rain?
Which type of precipitation starts as rain and freezes before it hits the ground?
What causes the earth to have seasons?
The seasons are caused by the tilt of the earth. The tilt creates different intensities of radiation or light energy from the sun which causes different seasons.
Why do meteorologists measure wind speed?
Meteorologists measure wind speeds to predict changing weather patterns.
What is the name for a line that connects points of equal atmospheric pressure?
What is the process of heat transfer from one substance to another through direct contact?
What conditions are necessary for a snowstorm to become a blizzard?
The snowstorm must have wind speeds at 56 kph for at least 3 hours and visibility reduced t o0.4 km or less.
Explain the process of cloud seeding.
Clouds are seeded with crystals of dry ice, or frozen carbon dioxide, to provide particles for rain droplet formation. The tiny crystals attract water molecules, which eventually grow large enough to form rain or snow.
What is the scientific name for the measure of energy in the molecules of a substance?
Explain how cloud to ground lightning is formed.
Water droplets or ice crystals move around inside the cloud. As they hit each other, electrons are knocked off and charges begin to accumulate. The positive charges collect near the top of the cloud and the negative charges collect near the bottom. The negative charges attract positive charges on the ground. A stepped leader reaches down from the cloud and charges are released as lightning
How is a front formed and what determines what type of front is formed?
A front is formed when two different air masses encounter each other. The colder air mass determines what type of front it will be.
What is the type of heat transfer that comes from the sun?
What is the name of the transfer of energy from one substance to another?
What type of weather is related to low-pressure systems?
Cloudy skies, storms, rain showers, and blizzards are related to low-pressure systems.
Name the four things that cause changes in atmospheric pressure
Rotations of the earth, gravity, solar energy, and altitude
What is formed when air moves from a high-pressure area to a low-pressure area?
What type of area is characterized by cold air condensing, sinking, and becoming more dense?
Describe how a cloud is formed and how cloud droplets become precipitation.
Clouds are formed when water vapor condenses on small particles of dust, ice, salt, and other solids. The water droplets combine to form clouds. The cloud droplet is too small to be affected by gravity, so in order to fall it has to increase in size through the process of coalescence.
If a weather map has a H surrounded by isobars, how does the pressure change as the isobars move away from the H?
The pressure will get lower as the distance increases from the center of the high-pressure system.
Two locations have a relative humidity of 25%. The first location is 38 degrees C and the second location is 10 degrees C. Which location probably has more humidity and why?
The first location probably has more humidity because warmer air can hold more moisture, so 25% of a greater amount is more moisture than 25% of a smaller amount
Which type of front produces the most violent weather?
What are the two basic types of barometers?
Mercury and Aneroid
What are the 4 types of local winds?
Land breeze, sea breeze, mountain breeze, valley breeze
What is name of the instrument used to measure wind speed?
Name the 3 main global winds.
Polar easterlies, westerlies, trade winds
Who in 1803 first used Latin terms to classify clouds according to their common shapes
What is the name given to the amount of water vapor in the air compared with the amount that the air can hold at that particular temperature?
What is the term for the process in which cloud droplets join drops large enough to fall?
What are the two theories that scientists have on how sleet forms?
Cold cloud theory and warm cloud theory
What type of air mass is cold and forms over land?
Which type of front occurs when a fast-moving cold air mass overtakes a warm air mass moving in the same direction and lifts it entirely off the groud?
What are the three stages of a thunderstorm?
Cumulus stage, mature stage, final stage
Tornadoes are usually attached to the base of what type of cloud?
What is the name of the instrument that measures humidity?
When was the first weather satellite sent into orbit?
On a weather map, which type of front is represented by triangles and semicircles on either side of the line, indicating the front is at a standstill?
What is the name given to the forecast that covers a period of two to seven days?
In 1947, scientists associated with what group tried to weaken hurricane winds by seeding the storm clouds?
What term is given to reason an object that moves in a straight line above the earth's surface and not parallel to the equator appears to curve because the earth is spinning beneath it?
What is the term used for a boundary between two air masses of different densities and temperature?
What causes thunder?
As air heats up from the lightning, the rapid increase in temperature causes the air to expand. The sound that results from the rapid heating and expansion of air is called thunder.
What is the term used to describe when a hurricane elevates the surface of the sea and floods coastal populations?
In what year did scientists discover cloud seeding?
What is the name for a barrier of trees or shrubs designed to protect crops from wind damage?
What is the term used to describe the air temperature when water vapor begins to condense?
What is the term used to describe the electrical discharge of energy from storm clouds?
Sets with similar terms
Weather and Climate Review
Other sets by this creator
Recommended textbook solutions
Prentice Hall Brief Review: The Living Environment 2019
John Bartsch, Mary P Colvard
Environmental Science Student Workbook
Kent Pryor, Richard Allan, Tracey Greenwood
Environmental Science: Your World, Your Turn (Florida)
Jay H. Withgott
Environmental Science: Your World, Your Turn
Jay H. Withgott
Other Quizlet sets
C, T, and L spine
MOD H Wk. 4
Comprehensive Review Quize