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Terms in this set (30)
The activity of using computers for solving problems and processing data.
The study of the design and operation of computer hardware and software, and of the application of computer technology to science, business, and the arts.
A set of instructions for a computer
Creating a sequence of instructions to solve a problem
A sequence of instructions that solves a problem
Scanner (definition only)
A text parser that can read numbers, words, or phrases from an input source such as the keyboard
Codes for getting input through a Scanner
Scanner scnr = Scanner(System.in);
x = scnr.nextInt();
Code for output
Text in double quotes " "
Code for output
Code for output w/ new line
Text a programmer adds to the code, ignored by the compiler.
Single-line comment starts with:
Block comment (multi-line comment)
Starts with /
and ends with
blank spaces between items within a statement
Violation of a programming language's rules on how symbols can be combined to create a program.
usually a syntax error; prevents program from compiling
Program compiles, but does not run as intended by the programmer.
Logic errors are also known as
Binary digits are known as
A circuit created to execute/process a list of calculations.
Runs computer's programs, reading and executing instructions from memory, performing operations, and reading/writing data from/to memory.
The calculations executed by a processor are called
Stores 1s and 0s in thousands of series.
A programmer-created sequence of instructions is called a:
A program which automatically translates high-level language programs into executable programs
Random-access memory; temporarily holds data read from storage and is designed such that any address can be accessed much faster than disk, in just a few clock ticks (see below) rather than hundreds of ticks.
A processor's instructions execute at a rate governed by the processor's clock, which ticks at a specific frequency.
A chip containing hundreds, thousands, or even millions of transistors.
The observation that computing power roughly doubles every two years.
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