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Religion chapter 5
Terms in this set (58)
"How does the First Commandment set the tone for the rest?"
The first commandment Stresses the duty of mankind to adhere to the one true God;helps the convey the supreme importance of God
"How can the Ten Commandments be summed up in the two great commandments of Christ?
The 2 great commandments summarize the ten commandments by calling us to love God above all things and to love our neighbor as ourselves
"How does Christ's Revelation differ from revelation in all other faiths?
Christ's revelation is that God loved us first and has drawn near to us, so our response should be love.;; given to us by God
4. What are the theological virtues, and how are they received?
The theological virtues are faith, hope,and love. They are given to us at baptism
5. Define faith. What is the response that is required on the part of man?
Faith is a gratuitous gift that accompanies sanctifying grace. Man must have the grace of God to move and assist him.
"6. What is the relationship between humility and the Faith? What is the relationship between reason and the Faith?
We must have faith to have humility and to use humility in our faith. We must have faith to have reason. // The faithful believer that has trouble understanding some faced of the faith but never the less excepts it trusting the teaching authority of the church. Reason never contradicts faith.
7. Give examples of voluntary doubt, schism, and heresy.
Voluntary doubt- questioning divine revelation
Schism- refusing to follow the pope
Heresy- doubting consubstantiation willingly doesn't accept the teaching of the church.
8. Give an example of how a person might fall into despair. Give an example of presumption.
Despair- when a family member dies of cancer and they turn away
Presumption- asking things of God without giving up sin
9. Explain how loving God leads naturally to a love of neighbor.
With love of neighbor, a person is enabled to enjoy the freedom given by God
10. Is ingratitude a common sin? Explain.
Yes, ingratitude is when we take him for granted and don't thank him.
11. Explain how a person can sin against love? What do you think is the root cause of these sins?
A person can sin against love if they don't fully engage and try to love God. The root is idolatry or the devil.
12. Explain each of the four types of prayer.
Prayers of adoration- expression on love through heartfelt fervor and verbal expression prayers of thanksgiving- we are obliged to show thanksgiving and gratitude prayers of contrition- reflecting our sins prayers of petition- presenting our needs
13. Give an example of idolatry in modern society. Explain how the example meets the definition given in the Catechism.
Idolatry would be worshiping your phone when you go to church and you check it
"14. If idols are wrong, then why are Catholics allowed, or even encouraged, to have pictures, icons, and religious symbols?
we respect them but we don't view them as idols
15. Select three violations against proper worship and explain why they are violations against the First Commandment.
Divination- predicting the future
Magic- seeking occult forces
Sanitatic worship- direct worship of the devil
16. What name did God reveal to Moses? How did the Israelites refer to God, and why?
I am who am. Yahweh
17. Explain how respect for God's name continued in the New Testament.
St. Paul infisizes that we should say Christs for recognition that we know who he is
18. When is it most appropriate to refer to the name of God?
19. What is an oath? What are some instances in which God himself swore an oath?
Oath: to Abraham: you will have descendants after you/ circumcision
20. What is the difference between an assertory oath and a promissory oath?
Assertory oath: person takes oath in court promissory oath solemnly swears to fulfill the duties of his office
21. List and explain the conditions which are necessary in taking an oath
21. a. Was called upon God as a witness
b. Only for morally good
c. Never to support a lie
22. What is the difference between a vow and an oath?
Dif: vow: oath is a promise made to another person with God as witness a vow is a promise made to God with another person as the witness
23. What are two circumstances when vows are taken? What is the meaning of taking these two vows?
Religious order & marriage meaning is person makes sacred commitment
24. List and explain the three requirements for taking a vow.
25. What is blasphemy? List three examples.
Improper use of the name God
- redialing faith
- Ridiculing Mary
26. What are some examples from modern society that would indicate that blasphemy has become acceptable among some people?
CCC 2148 Blashmemy shown by the fact that merits condemnation
"27. What is the origin of the seventh day or the Sabbath as a day of rest?
When God created the world & rested on the 7th
28. What was the double purpose of the Sabbath in the Old Testament?
Rest and divine worship
29. Under Mosaic Law, what were the Israelites obliged to do on the Sabbath?
Obliged to rest and divine worship
30. How did the earliest Christians, as indicated in the Book of Acts, keep the Lord's Day?
Constantine is the one that made the lords day is on Sunday so everyone can worship on the same day/// Saturday went to the temple & Sunday worshipped the last supper
31. What is a Holy Day of Obligation?
Every Sunday or other feast days that Christians must keep holy
32. List the reasons why Sunday worship is an obligation for Christians
Gives graces and fulfills third commandment
33. List the ten Holy Days of Obligation for the universal Church, and summarize the meaning of each celebration.
a. Christmas b. Epiphany c. The body & blood of Christ d.Ascension e. Mary, mother of god f. Immaculate conception g. Assumption h. St. Joseph I. St. Peter and Paul j. All saints day
34. Why may the Sunday or Holy Day obligation be fulfilled on the evening before?
Jewish customs: on sunset is the next day
35. When may a Catholic miss Mass?
ill very sick
36. Why is there an obligation to rest on Sunday? What would be an example of permitted work that is not listed in the text?
Permitted work is if you are a doctor or a nurse and you are required to work on Sunday.
37. List several activities which would help an individual or a family to keep the meaning of the Lord's Day."
Go to church/ corporal mercy & charity,
A type of oath in which God is called upon as a witness to the truth of what is being said, as when a person takes an oath in court.
The loss of hope in God because of doubt in his fidelity, care for people, or power to save a sinner. This is a sin against the theological virtue of hope.
An early Christian work (ca. AD 60) of unknown authorship, it summarizes morality as a choice between the path of life and the path of death, and includes liturgical practice and disciplinary norms."
The vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience often taken upon entrance to religious life.
The calling of God as a witness to the truth of what is being said
To make a promise without any intention of completing it, or to lie under oath.
A type of oath in which God is called upon as a witness to something that will be done in the future, as when a public official solemnly swears to fulfill the duties of his office
Form of prayer asking God to aid oneself or others.
The sin by which one expects salvation without personal effort or trusts solely in his efforts without God's aid.
Excerpt From: Peter V. Armenio. "Our Moral Life in Christ." v1.2. Midwest Theological Forum, 2012. iBooks.
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Probably from the Latin for "to bind," the virtue that enables a Christian to render God the worship, honor, devotion, and service he deserves. It involves a set of beliefs and practices followed by those committed to the service and worship of God.
The Sabbath—or seventh day—on which God rested after the work of the six days of creation was completed. In honor of Christ's Resurrection, Sunday, or the Lord's Day, must include rest from labor and the worship of God as required by the Third Commandment.
A breach of the unity of the visible Church; the refusal to submit to the pope or be united with the Church in communion with him.
The buying or selling of ecclesiastical offices, sacraments, grace, benefices, or other sacred things.
A form of prayer praising God for the good he has given.
A manifestation or appearance of God to man. This can be in the form of his glory, a medium such as a storm or fire, or in the Person of Jesus Christ on earth"
Empty, worthless, hollow; having no genuine substance, values, or importance
The sin against faith that disregards or refuses to hold what God has revealed as trus
A promise made freely and deliberate to God concerning something that is better than its opposite
To actively exert oneself (mentally or physically) by operating upon a part of creation in order to do or make something more useful than the materials used.
Adoration paid to God or the actions, rites, or ceremonies associated with such adoration. In an archaic sense, the condition of being rightly esteemed
The shorthand initialism (Tetragrammaton) used by the Israelites for the name of God, "I AM WHO AM," which out of great respect for God could not be uttered.
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