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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  2. signs of dyspnea
  3. hemoptysis
  4. pneumothorax
  5. resting ventilatory rate
  1. a flating of nostrils, reaction (pulling back) of intercostal spaces, retractions of tissue between the ribs
  2. b neonatal lung injury usually a result of premature birth or respiratory support during perinatal period; poor formation of alveoli; hypoxema and hypercapnea; pulmonary hypertension
  3. c coughing up of blood or bloody secretions
  4. d gas or air enterspleural space separating lung from rib cage and destroying the negative pressure gradient
  5. e 8-16 breathes/min and 400-800 mL

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. increased amount of CO2 in the blood: depression of respiratory center by drugs; diseases of the medulla;
  2. decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
  3. dyspnea when the individual is lying down
  4. occlusion of the pulmonary vascular ed by emboli, can cause lung infarction
  5. excessive fibrous or connective tissue i lung

5 True/False questions

  1. tuberculosisinfection caused by myobacterium; MDR strains; phagocytes engulf bacilli; form granulomatous tubercle, changing to cheeselike caseation necrosis and scar tissue

          

  2. croupusually viral laryngealtracheobronchitis, edema and mucous cause airway to narrow, barking cough

          

  3. emphysemapermanent enlargement of gas exchange airways with destruction of alveolar walls

          

  4. hyperventilationinadequate alveolar ventilation inelation to metabolic demands; CO2 removal does not keep up with production and level increases in arterial blood causing hypercapnia

          

  5. hypoventilationinadequate alveolar ventilation inelation to metabolic demands; CO2 removal does not keep up with production and level increases in arterial blood causing hypercapnia