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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hemoptysis
  2. resting ventilatory rate
  3. respiratory failure
  4. cyanosis
  5. hypercapnia
  1. a inadequate gas exchange where either oxygen is too low or carbon dioxide is too high
  2. b bluish discoloration of skin and mucous membranes; reduced hemoglobin in blood
  3. c coughing up of blood or bloody secretions
  4. d 8-16 breathes/min and 400-800 mL
  5. e increased amount of CO2 in the blood: depression of respiratory center by drugs; diseases of the medulla;

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. pleural effusion where the fluid is pus
  2. tidal volume gradually increases followed by gradual decrease and a period of apnea before returning to a normal respiratory pattern; from conditions that slow blood flow to the brainstem
  3. alveolar ventilation exceeding metabolic demands; lungs remove CO2 faster than it is produced by cellular metabolism
  4. dyspnea when the individual is lying down
  5. occlusion of the pulmonary vascular ed by emboli, can cause lung infarction

5 True/False questions

  1. hypocapniaincreased amount of CO2 in the blood: depression of respiratory center by drugs; diseases of the medulla;

          

  2. pleural effusionpresence of fluid in the pleural space; results from fluid coming through capillaries

          

  3. hypoventilationalveolar ventilation exceeding metabolic demands; lungs remove CO2 faster than it is produced by cellular metabolism

          

  4. acute bronchitisinfection of airway usually caused by virus; manifests like pneumonia with fever, chills, cough

          

  5. kussmaulrespiration (hyperpnea)deep, rapid respiration commonly seen in conditions causing acidosis