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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. croup
  2. bronchiolitis
  3. resting ventilatory rate
  4. pulmonary edema
  5. acute bronchitis
  1. a excess water in the lung, HD, diminishes gas exchange
  2. b infection of airway usually caused by virus; manifests like pneumonia with fever, chills, cough
  3. c usually viral laryngealtracheobronchitis, edema and mucous cause airway to narrow, barking cough
  4. d 8-16 breathes/min and 400-800 mL
  5. e inflammatory obstruction

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. fluid of solids that have gotten into the lungs
  2. inflammatory response results in bronchial smooth musc spasm, vascular congestion, edema, production of thick mucous, impaired mucociliary function, thickening of airway walls and hyperresponsiveness; toxic neuropeptides cause acetylcholine-mediated bronchospasm
  3. bluish discoloration of skin and mucous membranes; reduced hemoglobin in blood
  4. reduced oxygenation of arterial blood; results from: oxygen delivery to the alveoli, diffusion of oxygen fromt eh alveoli into the blood, perfusion of pulmonary capillaries
  5. deep, rapid respiration commonly seen in conditions causing acidosis

5 True/False questions

  1. clubbingselective bulbous enlargement of the end of a finger or toe


  2. pneumothoraxgas or air enterspleural space separating lung from rib cage and destroying the negative pressure gradient


  3. cheyne-stokes respirationsalveolar ventilation exceeding metabolic demands; lungs remove CO2 faster than it is produced by cellular metabolism


  4. coughprotective reflex that cleanses the lower air-ways explosive expiration


  5. pleural effusionpresence of fluid in the pleural space; results from fluid coming through capillaries