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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. hemoptysis
  2. cystic fibrosis
  3. aspiration
  4. bronchiolitis
  5. orthopnea
  1. a autosomal recessive inherited disease on chromosome 7; causes abnormal expression of a protein affecting airway, bile duts, pancreas, sweat ducts and vas deferens
  2. b coughing up of blood or bloody secretions
  3. c dyspnea when the individual is lying down
  4. d inflammatory obstruction
  5. e fluid of solids that have gotten into the lungs

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. gas or air enterspleural space separating lung from rib cage and destroying the negative pressure gradient
  2. infection caused by myobacterium; MDR strains; phagocytes engulf bacilli; form granulomatous tubercle, changing to cheeselike caseation necrosis and scar tissue
  3. inadequate alveolar ventilation inelation to metabolic demands; CO2 removal does not keep up with production and level increases in arterial blood causing hypercapnia
  4. fractures causing instability of chest wall, paradoxic movent, impairs gas exchange
  5. neonatal lung injury usually a result of premature birth or respiratory support during perinatal period; poor formation of alveoli; hypoxema and hypercapnea; pulmonary hypertension

5 True/False questions

  1. clubbingprotective reflex that cleanses the lower air-ways explosive expiration


  2. asthmainflammatory response results in bronchial smooth musc spasm, vascular congestion, edema, production of thick mucous, impaired mucociliary function, thickening of airway walls and hyperresponsiveness; toxic neuropeptides cause acetylcholine-mediated bronchospasm


  3. pulmonary edemaocclusion of the pulmonary vascular ed by emboli, can cause lung infarction


  4. hyperventilationalveolar ventilation exceeding metabolic demands; lungs remove CO2 faster than it is produced by cellular metabolism


  5. hypercapniadecreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis