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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. cystic fibrosis
  2. bronchiectasis
  3. hyperventilation
  4. pleural effusion
  5. kussmaulrespiration (hyperpnea)
  1. a deep, rapid respiration commonly seen in conditions causing acidosis
  2. b abnormal dilation of the bronchi often associated with obstruction and plugs, loss of elasticity
  3. c autosomal recessive inherited disease on chromosome 7; causes abnormal expression of a protein affecting airway, bile duts, pancreas, sweat ducts and vas deferens
  4. d alveolar ventilation exceeding metabolic demands; lungs remove CO2 faster than it is produced by cellular metabolism
  5. e presence of fluid in the pleural space; results from fluid coming through capillaries

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. increased amount of CO2 in the blood: depression of respiratory center by drugs; diseases of the medulla;
  2. tidal volume gradually increases followed by gradual decrease and a period of apnea before returning to a normal respiratory pattern; from conditions that slow blood flow to the brainstem
  3. coughing up of blood or bloody secretions
  4. decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis
  5. fractures causing instability of chest wall, paradoxic movent, impairs gas exchange

5 True/False questions

  1. empyemapermanent enlargement of gas exchange airways with destruction of alveolar walls


  2. dyspneathe subjective sensation of uncomfortable breathing, the feeling of being unable to get enough air


  3. clubbingprotective reflex that cleanses the lower air-ways explosive expiration


  4. resting ventilatory rate8-16 breathes/min and 400-800 mL


  5. hypoventilationinadequate alveolar ventilation inelation to metabolic demands; CO2 removal does not keep up with production and level increases in arterial blood causing hypercapnia


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