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american vision chapter 24
Terms in this set (51)
First major dictator in Europe. Convinced that Italy needed a strong leader. Founder of Italy's fascist party in 1919
Communist party in Russia. Led by Vladimir Lenin.
Russian leader of the Bolsheviks
Became the leader of Russia after Vladimir Lenin
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocaust. Anti communist & admired Mussolini.
Mein Kampf (My Struggle)
Work written by Hitler while in prison
the resource-rich province in northeast China that Japan invaded without government consent
the belief that a nation should stay out of the affairs of other nations that might drag the nation into another war.
Committee formed to investigate why we entered World War 1. Claimed arms manufacturers had caused America's entry into WWI.
Neutrality act of 1935
made it illegal for Americans to sell arms to any country at war
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution,
Germany, Italy, Japan
Neutrality act of 1937
continued the terms of the Neutrality Act of 1935 and adopted the important "cash and carry" principle when selling non military items
the idea that trade between nations creates prosperity and helps prevent war
unification of Austria and Germany
an area in western Czechoslovakia that was coveted by Hitler
Great British prime minister who advocated peace and a policy of appeasement
Conference where European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him.
policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace
A polish sea port
agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 in which the two nations promised not to fight each other and secretly agreed to divide Poland later
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
Like of concrete bunkers set up along the French-Germany border.
A city in northern France where, in World War II, 338,000 Allied troops were rescued. Called the "Miracle at Dunkirk"
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
German Air Force
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in World War II in June 1940 between the German Luftwaffe and the British Royal Air Force. Germans "accidentally" bombed London
Hebrew term for the Holocaust; meaning "catastrophe"
took citizenship away from Jewish Germans
Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)
Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
Nazi propaganda chief
Nazi secret police
Young Jewish girl who kept a diary of her experiences during the Holocaust in World War II.
Where Nazi leaders met to determine the "final solution of the Jewish question"
Cash and Carry Policy
Law passed by Congress which allowed a nation at war to purchase goods in the U.S. as long as they picked it up and paid in cash
Destroyers for Bases Deal
the US would give Britain its old destroyers in return for american bases being built on British controlled areas
America First Committee
An isolationist group that firmly opposed any American intervention or aid to the Allies.
Opposed Franklin Roosevelt as he ran for his unprecedented 3rd term
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Hemispheric Defense Zone
Declaration that said that the entire western half of Atlantic was part of the Western Hemisphere and, therefore, neutral.
Agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill to commit to a post war world of non aggression, free trade, etc.
Export Control Act
giving Roosevelt the power to restrict the sale of strategic materials (materials that are important in fighting war) to other nations
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
a camp where persons are detained or confined
Concentration camp that saw nearly 1.6 million deaths
Fascist party militants
Hitler's master race
Freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear.
Limits the president to two terms or 10 years.
December 7, 1941
Attack on Pearl Harbor
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