Heart failure aetiologies

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What are the 4 most common causes of systolic heart failure (heart failure with reduced ejection fraction)?
Ischaemic heart disease
Dilated cardiomyopathy
Valvulopathy
Hypertension
What percentage of dilated cardiomyopathy is idiopathic?
50%
What are the most common causes of diastolic heart failure (heart failure with preserved ejection fraction)?
Ischaemic heart disease
Valvulopathy
Hypertension
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
Infiltrative cardiomyopathy (amyloidosis, sarcoidosis)
Constrictive pericarditis
What are the most common causes of acute heart failure?
Myocardial infarction
Acute valvular regurgitation
Myocarditis
Arrhythmia
What are the most common causes of high-output heart failure?
Anaemia
Thyrotoxicosis
Pregnancy
What are the most common causes of predominantly R heart failure?
Ischaemic heart disease
Pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary valve stenosis
Pulmonary embolism
What are the most common precipitating causes of decompensated heart failure?
Non-compliance
Hypertension
Arrhythmia
Infection
PE
Anaemia
Second cause of heart failure
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