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Physc chapter 1
Terms in this set (41)
---- perspective is believed how the body and brain create emotions, memories, and sensations.
In an experiment, the variable being manipulated and tested by the investigator is a/an
How we learn observable responses is called
----is the view that psychology should be an objective sciences that avoids reference to mental processes.
--- is a research method in which behavior is observed and recorded in naturally occurring situations without any manipulation.
School of psychology that explored how mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable the organism to adapt, survive is called
Experimental results caused by expectations alone.
perspective means how we learn observable responses.
The method in which a group of people is questioned about their attitudes or behavior.
The research strategy in which one or more individuals is studied in depth in order to reveal universal principles of behavior
The medical treatment of psychological disorder is called---
Psychologists believe that behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts are working from the--- perspective
Experimental condition in which the treatment of interest is withheld.
When changes in one factor are accompanied by changes in another, the two factors are said to be ---
perspective means how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information.
Sample in which every member of the population has an equal chance of being included.
The first psychological laboratory was founded in 1879 by---
Wundts student tichener introduced the school of--- which ecplored the basic elements of introspection. the method proved ---
Freudian psychology emphasized the ways our --- thought processes and our ---- responses to childhood experiences affect our behavior.
Carl rogers and Abraham maslow forged ---
Psychology is defined as the "science of behavior and mental processes." Wilhelm Wundt would have omitted which of the following words from this definition?
Psychologists who study how we learn observable responses are working from the ---- perspective.
The---- perspective explores how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information.
Terrence wants to talk to a professional to help him cope with some academic challenges he's facing. You recommend that he contact a(n)
Your roommate is conducting a survey to learn how many hours the typical student studies each day. She plans to pass out her questionnaire to the members of her sorority. You point out that her findings will be flawed because
The sample will probably not be representative of the population of interest.
A researcher was interested in determining whether her students' test performance could be predicted from their proximity to the front of the classroom. So she matched her students' scores on a math test with their seating position. This study is an example of----
If height and body weight are positively correlated, which of the following is true?
Knowing a person's height, one can predict his or her weight.
An experiment must involve at least two groups: the --- group, in which the experimental treatment is present, and the ---- group, in which it is absent.
Which of the following procedures is an example of the use of a placebo?
In a test of the effects of a drug on memory, a participant is led to believe that a harmless pill actually contains an active drug.
In 1879, psychology's first experiment was performed by ---
In the early twentieth century, _______________________________ redefined psychology as "the science of observable behavior."
John B. Watson
Which of the following is NOT one of the descriptive methods psychologists use to observe and describe behavior?
A study finds that the more childbirth training classes women attend, the less pain medication they require during childbirth. This finding can be stated as a ----(Positive/negative) correlation.
In a ______________________correlation, the scores rise and fall together; in a _______________________ correlation, one score falls as the other rises.
To explain behaviors and clarify cause and effect, psychologists use-----
Psychologists who study, assess, and treat troubled people are called
Dr. Ernst explains behavior in terms of different situations. Dr. Ernst is working from the ______________ perspective.
Which perspective emphasizes the learning of observable responses?
Which of the following research methods does NOT belong with the others?
In an experiment to determine the effects of attention on memory, memory is the-----
In a test of the effects of air pollution, groups of students performed a reaction-time task in a polluted or an unpolluted room. To what condition were students in the unpolluted room exposed?
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