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343 terms

Vocabulary words for spelling.

the words on the spelling list that have a dot by their side.
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abalone
an edible shellfish having a flat shell lined with mother-of-pearl
abbatial
of or having to do with or belonging to an abbey or abbot, or abbess
acolyte
someone who assists a priest or minister in a liturgical service
ad valorem
in proportion to the estimated value of the goods taxed
admissibility
describes evidence that should be "let in" or introduced in court, or evidence that a jury may use
affinity
a natural attraction or feeling of kinship
afforestation
Establishment of a forest or stand in an area not recently forested.
Agincourt
a battle in northern France in which English longbowmen under Henry V decisively defeated a much larger French army in 1415
agrochemical
n. a chemical, hormone, jungicide, or insecticide, that moves to production of crops
Aguadilla
a seaport in NW Puerto Rico, where Columbus is said to have landed in 1493.
alfresco
in the open air
alpha privative
The prefix a- or an- before vowels, used in Greek and in English words borrowed from Greek to express absence or negation.
Americanize
become American in character
ametropia
(ophthalmology) faulty refraction of light rays in the eye as in astigmatism or myopia
amylaceous
of, relating to, or having the characteristics of starch
anathematize
curse or declare to be evil or anathema or threaten with divine punishment
Andorra
a small republic in the eastern Pyrenees between Spain and France
anemia
a deficiency of red blood cells
annular ligament
wraps around the head of the radius to stabilize the proximal radial ulnar joint.
anthrax
a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep)
anthropometry
measurement and study of the human body and its parts and capacities
antipersonnel
Designed to inflict death or bodily injury rather than material destruction
antiphony
a verse or song to be chanted or sung in response
antipyretic
any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever
apatetic
Relating to or characterized by coloration serving as natural camouflage.
applicable
capable of being applied
apprehensible
capable of being apprehended or understood
arborescent
resembling a tree in form and branching structure
archconservative
Somebody who is strongly conservative
assimilable
able to be absorbed and incorporated into body tissues
assumptive
accepted as real or true without proof
attention deficit disorder
an inability to pay attention, often with hyperactivity and poor impulse control, ADHD is often diagnosed in children younger than 7. It interferes with home life, schoolwork, or other functions
avocet
long-legged web-footed black-and-white shorebird with slender upward-curving bill
babbitt metal
an alloy of tin with some copper and antimony
baguette
french bread
balladeer
a singer of popular ballads
ball-peen hammer
has a much harder head then other hammers, ball end is used for shaping, in all it helps flatten, bend and shape metal
Barents Sea
the part of the Arctic Ocean north of Norway and Russia
barratry
It is the offense of frequently inciting and stirring up quarrels and suits. The lawyer's acts of fomenting suits among individuals and offering legal services to one of them. (BAR 1993)
Bavarian
of or relating to or characteristic of Bavaria or its people
beauteous
Beautiful, especially to the sight
beccafico
-noun [bek-uh-fee-koh]
a small songbird, esp. the European garden warbler, Silvia hortensis, eaten as a delicacy in France and the Mediterranean region.
benignancy
the quality of being kind and gentle
besotted
intoxicated or stupified with drink.
bicaudal
Having two tails
bifunctional
having two functions; (of a compound) having two functional groups or binding sites; (of a reaction) involving two functional groups or binding sites
boondoggle
work of little or no value done merely to look busy
brave new world
Aldous Huxley. About an outsider raised on the Reservation tries and fails to find love in the World State, a place where people are robbed of their humanity and sedated with the drug soma.
briarroot
hard woody root of the briar Erica arborea
brotherliness
like a brother
caconym
an undesirable or erroneous name
cacophonous
having an unpleasant sound
Canaanite
the extinct language of the Semitic people who occupied Canaan before the Israelite conquest
canvasser
a person who takes or counts votes
carafe
a bottle with a stopper
carillon
playing a set of bells that are (usually) hung in a tower
carnassial
(of a tooth) adapted for shearing flesh
casuistic
of or relating to the use of ethical principles to resolve moral problems
catchword
a favorite saying of a sect or political group
cede
To give up
cerulean
a light shade of blue
chachka
(Yiddish) an inexpensive showy trinket
chasseur
literally: "hunter" a sauce made with mushrooms, wine, parsley
chatoyant
varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles
chiffonier
a tall elegant chest of drawers
Chiricahua
A Native American tribe; The Apache language these people speak
Christology
a religious doctrine or theory based on Jesus or Jesus' teachings
chronicled
recorded in history
circumambient
surrounding
circumspect
careful, cautious
coadjutant
A helper or assistant
coadunate
to unite; to combine
colliery
a coal mine, including all buildings and equipment
comme il faut
according with custom or propriety
communicative
Willing to speak; eager to talk
concavity
a shape that curves or bends inward
conciliatory
appeasing; soothing; showing willingness to reconcile
condolatory
expressing sympathy
conglobate
to form into a round compact mass
constituency
the body of voters who elect a representative for their area
consuetude
a custom or usage that has acquired the force of law
cosmopolite
a sophisticated person who has travelled in many countries
counterintelligence
the steps an organization takes to protect information sought by "hostile" intelligence gatherers.
counterpoise
to balance by an opposing weight
craniofacial
pertaining to the skull and face
cretinism
condition caused by congential absence of the thyroid, resulting in puffy features, mental deficiency, and dwarfism
criminology
the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement
curriculum vitae
a summary of your academic and work history
cursory
hasty and without attention to detail
cyclotron
an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles
czarina
the wife or widow of a czar
daiquiri
a cocktail made with rum and lime or lemon juice
dealcoholize
To remove some or all of the alcohol from (beverages)
Debussy
French composer who is said to have created impressionism in music (1862-1918)
deglamorize
To make less glamorous
delamination
Splitting or migration of one sheet into two sheets
deploy
(v.) to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up
deportee
expelled from home or country by authority
dermatoplasty
plastic surgery repair performed on the skin
deterioration
a symptom of reduced quality or strength
devastator
The collosal combiner that has a vortex mouth
development
act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining
diagnostician
a doctor who specializes in medical diagnosis
dinghy
a small boat of shallow draft with cross thwarts for seats and rowlocks for oars with which it is propelled
discombobulate
cause to be confused emotionally
Don Juan
any successful womanizer (after the legendary profligate Spanish nobleman)
drugget
a rug made of a coarse fabric having a cotton warp and a wool filling
ectogenous
something produced outside an organism
effusion
a pouring forth
egotism
an inflated feeling of pride in your superiority to others
elation
a feeling of joy and pride
eldritch
strange or unearthly; eerie
embarassment
the act or state of feeling uncomfortable or ashamed
encephaloma
brain tumor
enfant terrible
"Terrible child." An impetuous, embarrassing person.
enigmatical
not clear to the understanding
entombment
the ritual placing of a corpse in a grave
epigrammatize
to make a short written statement
epinephrine
adrenaline
equerry
an official charged with the care of the horses of princes or nobles
euphemize
an inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
euphuism
any artificially elegant style of language
evasiveness
skill in dodging something
excrescence
abnormal growth or outgrowth
exegetic
explanatory, interpretive
expeditionary
journeying, voyaging
expurgation
Cleansing of something immoral
extremist
n. One who supports extreme measures or holds extreme views.
fanion
A small flag used by surveyors or soldiers to mark a position
fantastico
fantastic
felinity
cat-like disposition
fiscal year
any accounting period of 12 months
flame-retardant
avoiding flames, fireproof
fluoridation
the addition of a fluoride to the water supply (to prevent dental decay)
fortitudinous
marked by bravery or courage
fractionalize
divide into separate groups or parts
frenzied
excessively agitated
geneticist
a biologist who specializes in genetics
geomagnetic storm
temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetosphere caused by a disturbance in space weather
glaciology
study of ice ages and glaciation
grandiose
impressive; showy; magnificent
gravamen
essential part of an accusation
gyre
large whirls of water within an ocean basin
hammertoe
a deformed toe which is bent in a clawlike arch
harmattan
dry dusty wind in West Africa
hebraic
of or relating to the language of the Hebrews
hemangioma
tumor of blood vessels
hexagonal
having six sides or divided into hexagons
hippocampus
a neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage
homogeneity
the quality of being of uniform throughout in composition or structure
hospitable
disposed to treat guests and strangers with cordiality and generosity
hypnophobia
a morbid fear of falling asleep
hypocritical
professing feelings or virtues one does not have
iconoscope
the first practical television-camera for picture pickup
idiot savant
someone who is mentally retarded but is extraordinarily talented in some ways
Imagism
a movement by American and English poets early in the 20th century in reaction to Victorian sentimentality
immiscible
(chemistry, physics) incapable of mixing
inpermeable
Material water cannot go through
inperturbable
not easily excited; emotionally steady
improvident
not provident
incidentally
introducing a different topic
Indochina
a peninsula in Southeast Asia that includes Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos
indoctrination
teaching someone to accept an idea or principle without question
inglorious
not bringing honor and glory
iniquity
absence of moral or spiritual values
intemperate
Immoderate, lacking in self-control; inclement
inter nos
between us
interim
Meanwhile
intonate
speak carefully, as with rising and falling pitch or in a particular tone
invigorate
give life or energy to
iridectomy
surgical removal of part of the iris of the eye
iterate
to say, state, or perform again
jacana
polyandrous bird in which the female defends a territory in which many males nest and the females lays its eggs in those nests
jargonize
to make talk or writing that one does not understand
joint venture
an agreement between two or more companies to share a business project
Karachi
the largest city in Pakistan
Kirigami
n. The Japanese art of cutting and folding paper into ornamental objects or designs.
Kirkuk
a city in northeastern Iraq
lacertilian
of or relating to lizards
lanugo
soft downy hair which almost covers the developing fetus
leatherette
fabric made to look like leather
leguminous
relating to or consisting of legumes
lotus position
a sitting position with the legs crossed
ludic
playful
maceration
softening due to soaking or steeping
macrofossil
a large fossil
magnanimity
generosity
malapropism
the unintentional misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar
malignancy
quality of being disposed to evil
malodorous
unpleasant-smelling
manorial
church is the center of life
martial law
rule by the army instead of the elected government
martyrdom
death that is imposed because of the person's adherence of a religious faith or cause
mediator
a negotiator who acts as a link between parties
meerschaum
white chalky substance used to make pipes
mesmerist
a person who induces hypnosis
mezzo-soprano
female voice between contralto and soprano
microscopy
research with the use of microscopes
misogynist
one who hates women
monastery
the residence of a religious community
morality
concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong
moribund
on the point of death
mukluks
an eskimo boot made of sealskin or reindeer skin
multisensory
the integration of visual and auditory information
mycetoma
Slow-growing fungal infection
myelitis
inflammation of the spinal cord
myology
study of muscles
nabob
a person of great wealth or prominence
nasturtium
flowers and seeds and leaves all used as flavorings
Nesselrode
a rich frozen pudding made of chopped chestnuts and maraschino cherries and candied fruits and liqueur or rum
neuropathy
any disease of the nervous system
niveous
snowy
nonaligned
Not allied with any side in a conflict
nux vomica
Food poisoning, nausea, vomiting, food is heavy in stomach, ineffectual vomiting;
obento
lunch box
objet d'art
article of artistic value
ocelot
nocturnal wildcat of Central America and South America having a dark-spotted buff-brown coat
olfactometer
instrument for testing sense of smell
opioid
Drug derived from opium. Examples are cocaine, morphine, and heroin.
oropharynx
cavity formed by the pharynx at the back of the mouth
osmatic
pertaining to the sense of smell
osso buco
sliced veal knuckle or shin bone cooked with olive oil and wine and tomatoes and served with rice or vegetables
ostinato
a musical phrase repeated over and over during a composition
paduasoy
heavy silk fabric
paisano
Fellow countryman
paleoanthropic
pertaining to prehistoric humans.
paltriness
worthlessness due to insignificance
paludal
swampy
pangolin
toothless mammal of southern Africa and Asia having a body covered with horny scales and a long snout for feeding on ants and termites
papyrology
the study of (primarily Greek) papyrus documents, typically from Egypt.
parable
a short moral story (often with animal characters)
paramedical
a person trained to assist medical professionals and to give emergency medical treatment
paraphrastic
altered by paraphrasing
parishioner
a member of a parish
peccant
violating a moral law; sinful
pecuniary
relating to or involving money
pedometer
measuring instrument for recording the number of steps taken in walking
pellucid
(of language) transparently clear
peonage
system by which workers owe labor to pay their debts
perdurable
very long lasting
periapt
a charm or amulet
permissibility
admissibility as a consequence of being permitted
pernickety
characterized by excessive precision and attention to trivial details
pertinacity
stubbornness
petroglyph
a carving on a rock
petulance
rudeness, irritability
pharmacodynamics
the study of how drugs effect the body, including all of the different cells in the body
philanderer
a man who likes many women and has short sexual relationships with them
piacular
adj. - serving to atone or make amends for; expiatory; or sinful; wicked
pianissimo
(music) low loudness
placebo
a fake drug used in the testing of medication
plethoric
excessively abundant
pluvious
marked by rain
poltroon
a base coward
polydemic
native to many countries or regions
postprandial
after a meal
prelate
church dignitary; priest of high position in the church (esp. bishop)
promenade
a march of all the guests at the opening of a formal dance
pronunciamento
a proclamation; a pronouncement.
prototype
a standard or typical example
psychobabble
using language loaded with psychological terminology
pyrometer
a thermometer designed to measure high temperatures
Quirinal
one of the ancient hills on which ancient Rome was built
quitclaim
act of transferring a title or right or claim to another
ranula
a cyst on the underside of the tongue
recipience
the act of receiving
recusant
someone who refuses to conform to established standards of conduct
refrangible
capable of being refracted
repetitious
Filled with repetition, especially needless or tedious repetition
representative
a person who represents others
requisite
needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable
resonance
having the character of a loud deep sound
revelatory
revealing an emotion or quality
rhesus monkey
A small, yellowish-brown monkey of India, widely used in biological and medical research
ring buoy
a bouyant ring, allows a rescuer to pull a victim to safety without getting in the water
roundelay
a song in which a line or phrase is repeated as the refrain
rivalry
competing against each other for something
salimeter
A specially graduated hydrometer that directly indicates the concentration of salt in a solution. Also called salinometer.
Saltillo
City in Mexico with a dry, comfortable climate and University center
sapience
ability to apply knowledge or experience or understanding or common sense and insight
scarlatinoid
Resembling scarlet fever or its rash.
scherzo
light or playful part of a sonata or symphony
scrupulously
extremely careful, precise
secessionism
a doctrine that maintains the right of secession
secretion
the release of biosynthesized substances
sedate
cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to
selenography
the branch of astronomy that deals with the charting of the moon's surface
semplice
simple
serology
the branch of medical science that deals with serums
sheldrake
Old World gooselike duck slightly larger than a mallard with variegated mostly black-and-white plumage and a red bill
simulacrum
a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture)
simulation
representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale)
sinistral
left-handed
slovenly
untidy, dirty, careless
sluggard
a person who is lazy
sociopolitical
concerning both the political and human society aspects
somnambulated
To walk or perform another act while asleep or in a sleeplike condition.
sorbet
an ice containing milk
spasmodic
sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent
squalor
filth; misery
sternocleidomastoid
one of two thick muscles running from the sternum and clavicle to the mastoid and occipital bone
stigmatize
to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
stonemason
a craftsman who works with stone or brick
stringendo
gradually getting faster
subaxillary
Situated beneath the axilla or armpit
subdural
below the dura mater but above the arachnoid membrane of the meninges
subornation
to bribe someone to perform some misdeed
sufficiency
the quality of being sufficient for the end in view
supereminent
of superior rank, extremely distinguished
symbiont
The smaller participant in a symbiotic relationship, living in or on the host.
syringomyelia
enlarged cervical cord; fluid filled cyst in cervical spinal cord
talus
the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
Taoism
popular Chinese philosophical system based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic
tax-deductible
An adjective describing expenditures that can be taken away from taxable income or profits
temerarious
daring; rash; reckless
tenebrous
dark and gloomy
teriyaki
beef or chicken or seafood marinated in spicy soy sauce and grilled or broiled
territorialism
Build a national homeland anywhere (uganda proposal)
thyroidectomy
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
toheroa
shellfish, a large marine clam
torchére
historical term that was used to describe a candle table or candle stand, today describes type of floor lamp that casts its light upward onto the ceiling
Torquemada
the Spaniard who as Grand Inquisitor was responsible for the death of thousands of Jews and suspected witches during the Spanish Inquisition (1420-1498)
torturous
extremely painful
toxicology
study of poisonous substances and their effects upon body parts
transparent
quality of being able to be seen through, clear
triglyph
a triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes
triolet
A poem or stanza of eight lines in which the first line is repeated as the fourth and seventh, and the second line repeated as the eighth
unachievable
impossible to achieve
undocumented
lacking necessary documents (as for e.g. permission to live or work in a country)
unpronounceable
very difficult to pronounce correctly
urethane
an ester of carbamic acid
vapid
lacking taste or flavor or tang
veloce
fast
Vespucci
Florentine navigator who explored the coast of South America
Victoriana
collection of materials of or characteristic of the Victorian era
vizier
a high official in a Muslim government (especially in the Ottoman Empire)
wantonness
the trait of lacking restraint or control
wapiti
large North American deer with large much-branched antlers
wholehearted
fully or completely sincere
Worcestershire
a savory sauce of vinegar and soy sauce and spices
wryness
ironic or clever twist in the turn of events
Zapata mustache
A mustache that curves downward on each side
zinc oxide
oxide of zinc