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small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate, named for its grape-like shape
windpipe; passageway of air from the larynx to the area of carina where it splits into the right and left bronchus
two spongy organs, located in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage, responsible for respiration
membranes enclosing the lung (visceral pleura) and lining the thoracic cavity (parietal pleura)
muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity and aids in respiration by moving up and down
thin sheets of tissue that line the respiratory passages and secrete mucus, a viscid fluid
hair-like processes from the surface of epithelial cells, such as those of the bronchi, that provide upward movement of mucus cell secretions
poppin sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli
high pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrow airway
fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli, eventually flooding into the alveoli
density on an x-ray representing solid material within the air spaces of the lungs, usually indicating inflammatory changes
panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD
Permanet, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally thick viscous mucus that obsructs passageways within the body
Pulmonary Tuberculosis (Tb)
disease caused by the presence of Myobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs characterized by the formation of tubercles
Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)
infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi
Arterial Blood Gases (ABG)
analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases
to listen: physical examination method of listening to the sounds within the body with aid of a stethoscope
physical exmination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size border or fluid content such as the chest
portion of pulmonary function testing that is a direct measurement of lung volume and capacity
Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR)
measure of the fastest flow of exhaled air after maximal inspiration
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)
Device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages
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