Unit 1 Terms
AP US History
Terms in this set (40)
woman in Massachusetts Bay Colony who preached idea of antinomianism; 1638, banished and forced to walk to and settle in Rhode Island.
in this type of colony, colonists were essentially members of a corporation and based on an agreed-upon charter, electors among the colonists would control the government.
a poor person obligated to a fixed term of unpaid labor, often in exchange for a benefit such as transportation, protection, or training.
early 18th century laws limited the rights of Blacks, gave almost absolute authority to white masters.
Salem Witch Trials
In 1692, several girls in Salem, Massachusetts, accused their neighbors of witchcraft. More than 100 people were tried as witches, and 19 women and one man were executed. Puritan minister Cotton Mather eventually helped stop the trials and executions.
1639, constitution of Connecticut in which the regime was democratically controlled by the citizens.
System used by Virginia company to attract colonies; promised them parcels of land to emigrate to America, it also gave nearly fifty acres for each servant that a colonist brought.
document signed by members on the Mayflower which agreed to submit to the will of the majority under the regulations agreed upon (one of the first forms of self-government in America).
First charter colony and permanent English settlement settled by Virginia Company of London. Swampy location led to disease and contaminated water sources. In 1619, African slaves arriving became the first group of slaves to reach a British settlement.
King Philip (Metacom)
son of Massasoit; forged inter-tribal alliance and assaulted frontier settlements (pushed settlers back to Boston); this slowed English westward march in New England and drastically reduced threat of Indians.
the national church of England (and all other churches in other countries that share its beliefs), created by Henry VII.
fled to New World for religious freedom (since he was a Quaker), liberal government, and money; secured grant of Pennsylvania in 1681.
Christian denomination that broke away from the Catholic church during the Protestant Reformation; wanted to revive Catholic church.
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
middle segment of the forced journey that slaves made from Africa to America throughout the 1600's; it consisted of the dangerous trip across the Atlantic Ocean; many slaves perished on this segment of the journey.
A Virginia planter, led a group of 300 settlers in a war against the local Native Americans. When Virginia's royal governor questioned the actions, he and his men looted and burned Jamestown. This manifested the increasing hostility between the poor and wealthy in the Chesapeake region.
type of colony that was under the jurisdiction of the crown of a royal country. As in the case of England, each of these types of colonies was ruled by a royal governor who carried out the instructions of the crown, which were not exactly commands to the governor, more like strong suggestions.
wanted a clean break with the Church of England and though the Massachusetts Bay Colony was unfair to Indians and said government shouldn't regulate religious behavior; banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1635; arrived in Rhode Island in 1636 and built a Baptist church; made complete freedom of religion and sheltered Jews, Catholics, and Quakers.
sect of Puritanism that did not want the "saints" to go to church with the "damned" (as was the case with the Church of England); broke away from the Church of England.
He was an American theologian and Congregational clergyman, whose sermons stirred the religious revival, called the Great Awakening. He is known for his "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" sermon. First representative house in America. Instituted private ownership of land; maintained rights of colonists.
House of Burgess
Representative assembly in Virginia.
The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves and burned down a native village, killing 400. This was the first significant clash between English colonists and North American Natives.
Took place in England in 1688-1689; bloodlessly replaced Catholic James II with Protestant Dutch William II and English May (daughter of James II); Boston mob sent Andros back to England.
Maryland Act of Toleration
The act provided religious toleration to all Christians living in Maryland. However, it allowed the death penalty for Jews, atheists, and anyone who denied the divinity of Jesus.
One of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia and is know as the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the chief of the Powhatan Confederacy.
originally known as the Religious Society of Friends; this group was offensive to English authorities both religious and civil; refused to support the established Church of England w/ taxes; built simple meeting houses without a paid clergy; believed were all children in the sight of God.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
King Charles gave the Puritans a right to settle and govern a colony in the Massachusetts Bay area. the colony established political freedom and a representative government.
Dominion of New England
1686, created by crown (included NY and East and West Jersey) for protection against Indians and to promote English Navigation Laws; intercolonial alliance imposed by England.
He believed all people have a right to life, liberty, and property; stated the government is "created by the people for the people".
18th century euro philosophical movement that advocated the use of reason and rationality to establish a system of ethics and knowledge. Provided framework for both Americans and French Revolution and rise of Capitalism.
Throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the English government did not enforce those trade laws that most harmed the colonial economy.
The movement in which it was thought that the Catholic church needed to be revived; leaders included Martin Luther, John Calvin, and King Henry VIII.
First governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony; helped start economy.
English laws that ended legal trade between colonies and non-English countries; resulted in resentment and smuggling.
The most serious slave rebellion in the colonial period which occurred in 1739 in South Carolina. 100 African Americans rose up, got weapons and killed several whites then tried to escape to S. Florida. The uprising was crushed and the participants executed.
This religious group emphasized a strong moral code and believed in predestination (the idea that God decided whether or not a person would be saved as soon as they were born)
an agreement extending partial church membership to church members' children who had not yet experienced conversion.
Owned by an individual with direct responsibility to the king, proprietor selected a governor, who served as the authority figure of the property.
Economic philosophy or practice in which England established the colonies to provide raw materials to the Mother Country; the colonies received manufactured goods in return.
Puritanism had declined by the 1730s and people were upset about the decline in religious piety. This event was a sudden outbreak of religious fervor that swept through the colonies. One of the first events to truly unify the colonies.