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Chapter 2

Belmont Report: 3 Basic Principles

Respect For Persons (Principle E): special safeguards to protect the rights and welfare of those whose vulnerabilities impair autonomous decision making (example - child AND parents must consent)

Beneficence (Principle A): researchers strive to help/do NO (or minimal) harm with maximum benefit to the study

Justice (Principle D): fairness entitles all persons/subjects to access and benefit from the study

Tuskegee Syphilis Study

(1932-72) led to creation of IRB (final straw); subjects were at risk and not receiving available treatment

IRB: Primary Duty

Institutional Review Board: oversees all federally funded research involving human participants. Evaluating the treatment of participants to ensure that the study meets established ethical guidelines

APA Ethical Guidelines

state that psychologists conducting research are responsible for maintaining ethical standards

Beneficence, Fidelity & Responsibility, Integrity, Justice, and Respect for Rights

Minimal Risk

risk that is no greater in probability and severity than that encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physiological/psychological examinations


privacy and confidentiality


Give subjects FULL explanation of purpose of study AFTER data collection

Research With Special Populations

example: children AND parents must consent

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