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Belmont Report: 3 Basic Principles
Respect For Persons (Principle E): special safeguards to protect the rights and welfare of those whose vulnerabilities impair autonomous decision making (example - child AND parents must consent)
Beneficence (Principle A): researchers strive to help/do NO (or minimal) harm with maximum benefit to the study
Justice (Principle D): fairness entitles all persons/subjects to access and benefit from the study
Tuskegee Syphilis Study
(1932-72) led to creation of IRB (final straw); subjects were at risk and not receiving available treatment
IRB: Primary Duty
Institutional Review Board: oversees all federally funded research involving human participants. Evaluating the treatment of participants to ensure that the study meets established ethical guidelines
APA Ethical Guidelines
state that psychologists conducting research are responsible for maintaining ethical standards
Beneficence, Fidelity & Responsibility, Integrity, Justice, and Respect for Rights
risk that is no greater in probability and severity than that encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physiological/psychological examinations
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