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DEN 123 - Eval 1
Terms in this set (33)
What is NLEA and when was it established?
Nutrition Labeling and Education Act - 1990 by FDA
What was the goal of the NLEA?
help consumers make healthier food choices
What are 2 things the NLEA did?
1. food package labels required for all foods except meat and poultry
2. set guidelines for stating nutrient claims (low-fat, sugar-free)
Fat Free = ?
less than 0.5 gram of fat
Low Fat = ?
3 grams of fat, or less
Lean = ?
Less than 10 grams of fat, 4 grams of saturated fat and 95 mgs of cholesterol
Light = ?
1/3 less calories or no more than 1/2 the fat of higher calorie/fat version; or no more than 1/2 the sodium of the higher sodium version
Cholesterol Free = ?
less than 2 mgs cholesterol & 2 grams saturated fat
What does it mean if an ingredient is close to first on the ingredient list?
the food is high in that ingredient
The -ose ending = ?
Nutrients listed first in yellow = ?
-limit these nutrients
-Americans usually eat too much of these
-can lead to heart disease, high blood pressure, and cancer
Nutrients listed in blue = ?
-get enough of these
-most Americans do not get enough of these
What nutrient reduces risk of osteoporosis?
What promotes healthy bowels & may reduce heart disease?
%DV = ?
recommended intake based on public health experts (2,000 calorie diet)
What is the amount circled in red in % Daily Values footnote?
recommendation for each nutrient
Calcium Recommendations (2,000 calorie diet):
Adults - ?
Adolescent girls - ?
Post-menopausal women - ?
Adults - 1,000 mg (100%DV)
Adolescent girls - 1,300 mg (130%DV)
Post-menopausal women - 1,200 mg (120%DV)
process by which living things use food to obtain nutrients for energy, growth, and development
biochemicals needed for bodily functions, usually acquired from food
What are the 6 basic components of food?
1. water (2/3 of body weight)
2. carbohydrates (one of our main sources of energy)
5. vitamins (DON'T give you energy)
6. minerals (DON'T give you energy)
What was added to the food pyramid that is an important additional recommendation for a healthy way of life?
What was one reason for revising the pyramid?
to ensure that the guidance reflects the latest nutrition science
Where is the pyramid mostly used?
schools, prisons, hospitals
What was a second reason for revising?
improve pyramid's effectiveness with consumers
What does DRI stand for?
Dietary Reference Intakes
Dietary recommendations are for ____________ and ___________
health promotion; chronic disease prevention
Dietary guidelines are issued every _____ years
What are 3 issues with new MyPlate?
1. doesn't specify portions
2. healthy fats don't show on there
3. doesn't show whole grains being a healthier grain option
What was the pyramid changed to MyPlate?
changed shape to simplify and grab attention of consumers
What is the equation for nutrient profiles?
Nutrient profile of food group = Sum [Nutrient contribution of each food x Likelihood of each food being eaten]n
Define discretionary calories:
remaining calories after nutrient needs were met
What are essential calories?
calories needed to meet nutrient requirements when consuming foods in lean, low-fat, and no-added-sugar forms
What is the recommended amount of physical activity per day and per week?
~30 min per day or 150 min per week
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