deployment of resources to achieve strategic goals
the vertical and horizontal configuration of departments, authority, and jobs within a company
tasks are subdivided into individual jobs, employees perform only the tasks relevant to their specialized function, jobs tend to be small, but they can be performed efficiently
chain of command
unbroken line of authority that links all persons in an organizations, shows who reports to whom, associated with two underlying principles
unity of command
have 1 supervisor
covers all employees, top to bottom
span of management
# of employees who report to a supervisor
has narrow span and more hierarchical levels
has wide span, horizontally dispersed, fewer hierarchical levels
decisions authority is located near top of organization
decision authority is pushed downward to lower organizational levels. Must fit the organizations strategy
vertical functional structure
people are grouped together in departments by common skills
grouped together based on a common product, program, or geographical region
some employees report to two bosses, functional and divisional chains of command
team based structure
created to accomplish specific tasks
virtual network approach
organization acts as a central hub, outsourced mostly
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.